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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 November 2023

 

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General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

1. The Indian Constitution is a living document that has undergone amendments to address the evolving needs of the society and the nation. It reflects the commitment to democratic principles, social justice, and the protection of individual rights and freedoms. Elaborate.

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Following a suggestion by six-time Lok Sabha MP Bhartruhari Mahtab, in 2015, the government started celebrating this day as “Constitution Day” to promote constitutional values among citizens.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about salient features of Indian constitution.

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of India constitution.

Body:

In the first part, write about the all the salient features of the constitution and explain them briefly with articles and examples.

Next, write about the nature of changes that the constitution has undergone and the purpose behind it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. Highlight the challenges facing the higher education system in India. Analyse the impact of the challenges on the quality of higher education in the country. Suggest measures to overcome the same. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article discusses the changing landscape of Indian higher education institutions (HEIs) and its rapid evolution

Key Demand of the question:

The write about the challenges facing the higher education system and measures needed to overcome them.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, Identify and explain the major challenges facing the higher education system in India – inadequate infrastructure, shortage of quality faculty, outdated curriculum, and limited research opportunities, challenges related to access and inclusivity, including affordability etc.

Next, write about the implications of these challenges on the quality of higher education – outdated curriculum and teaching methodologies on skill development and industry relevance, affordability, regional disparities, and social barriers etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

3.  The level of development across Indian states varies significantly, reflecting diverse economic, social, and infrastructural conditions. This regional disparity has profound implications for overall national development and underscores the need for targeted policies and interventions to address the unique challenges faced by different states. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

In key areas like education, health and infrastructure, all states should aspire to catch up with the best.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the historical, social, geographical, political- responsible for the economic disparities between various parts/ regions of India, its impact and ways to overcome it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, Write the about the factors that are responsible for economic disparities in the country and different levels of development.

Next, write about the various limitations of the above and its impact.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to support economic growth and improve the quality of development.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

4. Managing a diverse border is a complex task, and it involves addressing a myriad of challenges to ensure national security. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the challenges of border management and the strategies India has employed to tackle such challenges.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by highlighting that India shares borders with several countries, a few of those countries don’t share good relations with India making the task of border management challenging.

Body:

First, Discuss the challenges with respect to border security – non-demarcated boundaries with overlapping, Unilateral actions by some nations to change the status quo in their favour, Misuse of borders (especially porous open borders) for smuggling, illegal migration, etc, Little or no support from counterparts of neighbouring nations and in some cases active support by cross border elements to illegal activities etc.

Mention the various steps taken by India to address these issues and for effective management of its borders.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the need of effective border management strategy.

 

Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

5. Various factors contribute to the symbiotic relationship between organized crime and terrorism, amplifying the challenges faced by law enforcement and security agencies. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: unafei.or.jp

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about cross-border links between terrorists, and factors facilitating organized crime and responses to it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the factors that facilitate the growth of organised crime – poverty, political instability, weak governance, corruption, and social inequality etc.

Next, write about how organised crime can contribute to terrorism – organized crime groups can provide support to terrorist organizations, engage in terrorist activities themselves, and share similar characteristics with terrorism, such as the use of violence and intimidation etc

Next, write about the steps that are needed to tackle the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;

6. Identifying and ranking personal values is a crucial aspect of making decisions that align with one’s aspirations and beliefs. Elaborate. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about taking decision and overcoming conflicts by having a hierarchy of values.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context regarding conflicts in decision making.

Body:

First, write about the ways conflicts impact decision making and its outcome – delays, improper decision making, dereliction of duty etc.

Next, write about how having a set of hierarchy of virtues can help in resolving conflicts.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarizing.

 

Topic: dimensions of ethics;

7. Environmental integrity is a foundation for the well-being of both humans and the natural environment. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about environmental integrity, its features and its importance.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining ‘environmental integrity’.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various features of environmental integrity and its dimensions.

Next, write about the importance of environmental integrity and cite examples to substantiate your points.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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