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Mount Etna


Source: IE

 Context: Mount Etna, Europe’s most active volcano, has been erupting for over a year, causing disruptions such as flight cancellations and vehicle bans due to ash accumulation.

About Mount Etna

It is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Metropolitan City of Catania and the highest Mediterranean island mountain. It is located above the convergent plate margin between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate. Mount Etna, with a recorded history of volcanic activity dating back to 1500 B.C., has erupted over 200 times.

List of some of the most active volcanoes on Earth:

Volcano Location Notable Characteristics
Mount Etna Italy Highest Mediterranean Island Mountain, continuous eruptions
Kilauea Hawaii, USA Long-term eruptions, ongoing since 1983
Mauna Loa Hawaii, USA One of the largest shield volcanoes, last erupted in 1984
Merapi Indonesia Frequent and highly explosive eruptions
Eyjafjallajökull Iceland Disrupted air travel in 2010 with ash clouds
Fagradalsfjall Iceland Ongoing eruptions attracted attention with recent activity
Dukono Indonesia Long-term eruption since August 1933
Santa Maria Guatemala Erupting since June 1922, one of the most active in Central America
Yasur Vanuatu Erupting since about 1270 (± 110 years), ongoing