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Ben Gurion Canal Project



Source: IE

 Context: The current Israel-Palestine crisis in the Middle East has refocused attention on the ambitious Ben Gurion Canal Project.


What Ben Gurion Canal Project?

The Ben Gurion Canal Project is a theoretical proposal to cut a canal through Israel’s Negev Desert, creating an alternative route to the Suez Canal. Envisioned in the 1960s, it aimed to challenge Egypt’s monopoly on the shortest trade route between Europe and Asia.

However, the project faces immense challenges, including logistical complexities, high costs, a longer route, and security concerns in a region marked by ongoing military threats.

What is the Suez Canal?

It is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt (completed in 1869), connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez and dividing Africa and Asia. The 193 km long canal is a key trade route between Europe and Asia.


Who was Ben Gurion? 

David Ben-Gurion (1886–1973) was Israel’s founding father and its first Prime Minister. He played a pivotal role in establishing the state of Israel in 1948