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The government of India has decided to extend the distribution of free ration under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana scheme (PMGKAY) to ensure food security for vulnerable and economically disadvantaged sections of the population. Do you think it is a prudent move or moral hazard? Critically analyse.

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes;

3. The government of India has decided to extend the distribution of free ration under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana scheme (PMGKAY) to ensure food security for vulnerable and economically disadvantaged sections of the population. Do you think it is a prudent move or moral hazard? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the Indian government’s decision to extend the distribution of free ration under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) for another five years

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the performance PMGKAY and the comment on the decision of its extension.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and the objectives of PMGKAY.

Body:

First, in brief, write about the major features of PMGKAY.

Next, write about the achievements of PMGKAY since its inception. Cite statistics to substantiate. Highlight the role of PMGKAY in the pandemic times.

Next, write about the limitations of PMGKAY and suggest ways to improve it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced view on the extension of PMGKAY.