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‘Reference’ fuel

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: Economic Times

 Context: India has begun producing “reference” petrol and diesel, which are specialized fuels used for testing automobiles, making it part of a select group of nations that produce these high-quality fuels.

  • The Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) has developed these fuels with higher specifications to replace imports, ensuring a reliable supply at a lower cost for vehicle manufacturers and testing agencies.

Reference fuels are high-quality fuels used by gasoline and diesel vehicle manufacturers. They are used for:

  1. Engine development
  2. Performance assessment
  3. Ensuring operability across global climatic conditions
  4. Calibration and testing of vehicles

Reference fuels are premium products. They have higher octane numbers than normal fuels