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Wetlands are of paramount importance as they play a crucial role in preserving various natural cycles and providing essential support to a diverse array of biodiversity. Elucidate.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. Wetlands are of paramount importance as they play a crucial role in preserving various natural cycles and providing essential support to a diverse array of biodiversity. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of wetland ecosystem.

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a wetland and its types.

Body:

Write about the various functions performed by a wetland- water-related ecosystem services, productive areas for plant life and animals, major habitat for most of the world’s waterbirds and key habitat for migratory species, important source of food and high recreational, historical, scientific, and cultural values.

Next, write about Ramsar convention, its achievements in protecting wetlands and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.