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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 October 2023

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society.

1. Addressing inequality is not just a matter of economic fairness but is central to preserving the functioning of democratic societies. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article underscores the importance of combating inequality to safeguard the ideals of democracy.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the how social inequality is worsened when economic inequalities are added to it and suggest measures to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining social inequalities in India.

Body:

First, giving statistic which gives a context about rising economic inequalities in India.

Next, write about how the social inequality and economic inequality are inextricably interlinked. Write about the impact of the above on the Indian society.

Next, suggest measures to overcome the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

2. The Enforcement Directorate is a vital agency for enforcing economic laws and tackling financial crimes. But the perception of political bias and the use of investigative agencies for political purposes can undermine the integrity of institutions. Examine. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses the recent searches in Rajasthan by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) and the concerns surrounding the actions of the ED.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the function of ED and why it is seen a political weapon.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating the aims and objectives of ED and its mandate.

Body:

In the first part, write about the functions of ED in fighting economic crimes. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about reasons as to why ED is being seen a political weapon against political rival to settle scores. Mention the impact of the same.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to make it neutral and accountable.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. Illegal sand mining has far-reaching and detrimental impacts on both the environment and society. Evaluate the measures taken by the government to combat it.

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Enforcement Directorate (ED) has engaged the expertise of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT-K) to investigate illegal sand mining in Tamil Nadu.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about impact of illegal sand mining and evaluation of the measures taken by the government to combat it.

Directive Word:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with the definition of sand mining or some basic facts/data related to it.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various impact of illegal sand mining. Environmental impacts like – Erosion and Habitat Destruction, Loss of Biodiversity and Groundwater Depletion etc. Social impacts like – Economic Loss, Land Conflicts, Clashes etc.

Next, Highlight the measures taken by the government. Write about the pros and cons

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. Human intervention in nature has led to significant consequences in terms of nutrient cycles, impacting the environment and ecosystems. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how the nutrient cycles are affected by human activities.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin defining nutrient cycle.

Body:

First, elaborate upon the various components of nutrient cycles.

Next, mention the impact of anthropogenic activities on nutrient cycles like Carbon, Sulphur, Phosphorus cycles etc. They have disrupted the natural balance of these nutrient cycles, with consequences for the environment and climate.

Next, suggest measures to rectify the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. What are the causes of biomagnification? Throw light on its hazardous impacts on ecosystems and organisms. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes and impact of biomagnification

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining biomagnification.

Body:

First, in brief, explain the mechanism behind biomagnification.

Next, write about the various causes of biomagnification – Agricultural Products, Organic Contaminants, Plastic Pollution, Mining etc.

Next, write about the hazardous impact of biomagnification.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning various measures that are needed to tackle biomagnification.

 

Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

6. The rise in lone-wolf terror attacks worldwide underscores various issues, including security, intelligence, and systemic failures. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hinduidsa.in

Why the question:

A blast in Kalamassery, Kerala, has resulted in an increased death toll, with a 12-year-old girl being among those injured.

Key Demand of the question:

To write the causes of lone wolf attacks and methods to tackle them.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of lone-wolf terror attacks.

Body:

First, write about the causes for rising lone-wolf terror attacks. Radicalization of the youth- individuals who are influenced by either perceptions of injustice and persecution,Failure of the intelligence of State etc.

Next, write about the measures to tackle such incidents in India— making policing more efficient; strengthening the intelligence network; state agencies need to work with civil society groups as well as community leaders and have deradicalisation programmes etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to address these issues.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world to the concepts of morality;

7. What is cognitive dissonance and how can it be addressed? (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about cognitive dissonance and ways to deal with it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining cognitive dissonance.

Body:

Next, mention the various reasons why cognitive dissonance occurs and the potential implications of it. Cite examples of substantiate.

Next, mention the ways to deal and adapt for cognitive dissonance.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the way to manage cognitive dissonance.


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