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The importance of ecotones lies in their potential to support high biodiversity and contribute to ecological processes. Elaborate.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. The importance of ecotones lies in their potential to support high biodiversity and contribute to ecological processes. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ecotones and their importance and the need to conserve them.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin defining ecotone.

Body:

First, mention briefly how ecotones are formed. Mentioned about the edge effect.

Next, write about the importance of ecotones – providing an area for a large number of species, nesting, food provisions, greater genetic diversity, serve as bridges of “gene flow” and buffer-zone” protecting the neighbouring ecosystem from possible environmental damage.

Next, write about the need to conserve them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the importance and how Ecotones provide a sensitive indicator of global change.