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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 October 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.

1. The higher frequency of earthquakes in Afghanistan can be attributed to several geological and tectonic factors. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The article explores the reasons behind the higher frequency of earthquakes in Afghanistan.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes of high frequency of earthquakes in Afghanistan.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining an Earthquake.

Body:

In first part, write about the high frequency of earthquakes in Afghanistan – its location at the convergence of several major tectonic plates, including the Eurasian Plate, Indian Plate, and Arabian Plate

Next, write about Poor infrastructure, lack of earthquake-resistant construction practices, and limited preparedness further contribute to the country’s vulnerability to earthquakes.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the importance of preparedness to deal with earthquakes.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

2. Examine the successes and shortcomings of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). What are the strategic concerns for India from the BRI? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) on its 10th anniversary and highlights both its successes and shortcomings.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the successes and challenges for China in its BRI and concerns for India.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the context.

Body:

In the first part, BRI – its aims, objectives and current progress.

Next, write about the successes of BRI – development of infrastructure projects across Asia and Africa, enhanced connectivity, and increased trade.

Next, discuss the challenges and concerns for China – financial problems and political tensions with partner countries, which have undermined its progress and potential impact.

Next, write about the concerns of India from the BRI and steps that India has taken to deal with and further steps that are needed.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

3. India’s economic growth and energy security are closely tied to its coal reserves and the coal industry. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article suggests that India should make the most of its coal resources by adopting cleaner and more efficient technologies to reduce emissions and environmental impact.

Key Demand of the question:  

To write about the importance of coal for India and steps that are needed to harness it effectively and efficiently.

Directive word:
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:
Begin by giving facts regarding the coal production in the country.

Body:

First, write in detail about the importance of coal to India’s energy security and economy. Cite statistics to substantiate.

Next, write about the measures that are needed for better planning, infrastructure development and increase of domestic supplies of coal

Next, write about the need to cut dependency of coal and move towards renewable source of energy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Robust regulations for cryptocurrencies and their associated activities are needed to protect investors and maintain financial market stability within the Indian markets. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article discusses the cautionary note issued by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) regarding cryptocurrencies and the need for strict regulations in the European Union (EU).

Key Demand of the question:

To bring out the key potential of crypto assets and blockchain technology and the need for a smart regulation of the same.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by highlighting some of the benefits of crypto assets that they make finance more inclusive and decentralized.

Body:

First bring out the trend of major financial institutions and investors adding cryptocurrency as part of their assets and also the high accountability mechanisms associated with the blockchain technology and its applicability, scalability and security in the Banking, Finance and Insurance sectors.

Next, stress on the need for a robust and smart regulatory mechanism such as safeguards against mis-selling, Investor protection, introduction of KYC norms for crypto asset holders to avoid money laundering, clarifying the tax regime on crypto assets etc

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that the benefits of crypto assets and blockchain technology can be reaped constructively only with a robust regulatory regime.

 

Topic: issues of buffer stocks and food security;

5. Agriculture is indeed highly susceptible to the impacts of climate change, and the combination of accelerating climate change, increasing population, and income growth poses significant threats to food security. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and part of Mission-2024 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of climate change on Indian agriculture and suggest steps to adapt to it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by context.

Body:

Mention the way in which climate change in impacting agriculture. Reduced yields, encouraging weed and pest proliferation. Changes in precipitation patterns, crop failures and long-run production declines etc. Cite statistics to substantiate your points.

Write about the measures that are needed to mitigate its impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

6. Reforming the Public Distribution System (PDS) supply chain is essential to ensure that the system continues to serve as a critical safety net for food-insecure populations while minimizing inefficiencies, leakages, and wastage. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and part of Mission-2024 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the PDS, its role in food security and reforms that are needed in it.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of PDS and its role in delivery of food grains.

Body:

In the first part, mention the various bottlenecks, limitations and the shortcomings with respect to PDS in India. Cite statistics and reports to substantiate your points.

Next, write about the steps that are required to ensure a seamless supply chain to overcome hunger and malnutrition.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Citizen’s Charters

7. Examine the limitations of citizen charters in India and mention the steps that can be taken to make them more robust and effective. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining citizen charter.

Body:

First, mention the shortcoming of citizen charters – not formulated through a consultative process, lack of awareness, absence of grievance redressal etc.

Next, suggest steps to overcome the above shortcomings.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on need to make the charters effective to provide high quality public service delivery.


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