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[Mission 2024] Insights SECURE SYNOPSIS: 11 October 2023

 

NOTE: Please remember that following ‘answers’ are NOT ‘model answers’. They are NOT synopsis too if we go by definition of the term. What we are providing is content that both meets demand of the question and at the same


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

1. Analyse the causes and impact of caste-based violence on Indian society. Throw light on importance of raising awareness and empowering marginalized communities as crucial steps toward addressing caste-based atrocities. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindi

Why the question:

The article addresses the persistent issue of caste-based atrocities in India, highlighting the challenges and complexities involved.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the how casteism leads to violence and its impact.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, discuss the reasons contributing to caste-based violence – tensions, grievances, or power dynamics tied to caste identities culminate in violent acts against those who are less privileged or economically disadvantaged within these systems.

Next, discuss the impact of caste-based violence on Indian society; impact on social fabric, economy, polity etc.

Next, write about role of awareness and empowerment in addressing caste-based violence.

Conclusion:

Suggest way forward for eradicating casteism in India.

Introduction

Caste-based violence in India is a form of discrimination and oppression that targets people belonging to Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs), who are historically marginalized and disadvantaged groups in Indian society. Despite the constitutional safeguards and special legislation, such as the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 being in place, caste-based crimes continue to occur in various forms and regions, violating the fundamental and human rights of millions of people.

The recent incident in Nanguneri town in Tamil Nadu’s Tirunelveli district, where a Dalit teenager and his sister were brutally hacked by schoolmates belonging to an intermediate dominant caste is demonstrative of the failure of hope for a whole generation of a community living on the margins.

Body

Reasons contributing to caste-based violence

  • The caste system, an ancient social stratification based on descent and occupation, creates a rigid hierarchical structure where individuals are categorized into specific castes.
  • This system fosters a sense of superiority among upper castes and a feeling of inferiority among lower castes, leading to discrimination and violence against the latter.
  • The system is characterised by Dominance of one caste over others and Exploitation of lower castes by upper castes.
  • The presence of barriers in mobility and achieving political power and competition for economic opportunities and acquiring symbols of high status is another reason.
  • Social norms and cultural beliefs, often passed down through generations, reinforce the notion of caste-based superiority and inferiority.
  • These norms normalize discriminatory attitudes and practices, making it challenging to break free from caste-based violence.
  • Caste-based violence is sometimes driven by economic motives. Lower caste individuals may be subjected to exploitation, forced labour, and economic oppression by dominant caste groups, leading to conflicts and violence.
  • Inter-caste marriages, challenging the traditional caste boundaries, are sometimes met with hostility and violence from conservative sections of society, seeking to protect their caste purity.
  • Despite legal protections, the effective implementation of laws against caste-based violence remains a challenge in some regions, leading to a culture of impunity for the perpetrators.
  • In today’s age, the presence of internet has further hastened the spread of fake news and misinformation in seconds.

Impacts of Caste-based violence

  • Violation of Human Rights
    • Caste-based violence results in severe human rights violations, including the right to life, dignity, equality, and liberty.
    • Victims of such violence suffer physical and psychological harm, leading to trauma and long-term emotional distress.
  • Exacerbates Fear and Insecurity
    • Caste-based violence creates a climate of fear and insecurity among marginalized communities.
    • The fear of violence and discrimination can lead to self-censorshipand restrict the freedom of expression and movement of affected individuals.
  • Strengthens Social Fragmentation
    • Caste-based violence deepens social divisions and creates animosity among different caste groups.
    • Ithampers social cohesion and undermines the efforts towards building a harmonious and inclusive society.
  • Hinders Development and Empowerment
    • Caste-based violencehinders the development and empowerment of marginalized communities.
    • It limits their access to education, healthcare, and economic opportunities,preventing them from realizing their full potential.
  • Decline in Institutional trust
    • Caste-based violence erodes trust in state institutions, law enforcement agencies, and the justice system. Victims and their communities may behesitant to seek justice or report incidents due to fear of further victimization or lack of faith in the system.
  • Mars International Reputation
    • The persistence of caste-based violencenegatively impacts India’s international reputation as a democratic and progressive nation.
    • It raises concerns among the global community about the prevalence of discrimination and violence based on caste identities.

Measures needed

  • Strengthening Implementation of Laws such as SC/ST Act, 1989; Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955; Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013.
  • The State with its institutions like Police, Judiciary, Education, Health, and Welfare sectors to prevent, investigate, prosecute, punish, and rehabilitate offenders.
  • Promoting Awareness and Sensitization among all stakeholders, including upper castes, lower castes, civil society organizations, media, academia, religious leaders, and political parties.
  • Empowering SCs and STs through education, employment, land rights, political representation, social mobilization, legal aid, and counselling services.
  • Building trust and solidarity, challenging stereotypes and prejudices, and promoting respect for diversity and human dignity.

Conclusion

The government has now established a one-man commission headed by retired judge K. Chandru to suggest steps to stamp out caste differences among students. It would be a pity if Nanguneri does not serve as a wake-up call; a catalyst for destroying caste hierarchies, restoring peace and equality, and, hope.

 

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

2. Critically analyse the electoral bond scheme as a unique poll funding instrument to achieve the goal of transparency in political funding. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Supreme Court of India is set to hear final arguments in the electoral bonds case on October 31.

Key Demand of the question:

To critically analyse the performance of electoral bonds in improving transparency.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving aims and objectives of introduction of electoral bonds.

Body:

In the first part, mention the functioning and features of electoral bond scheme – can be bought by any Indian citizen or company incorporated in India. The scheme allows parties to receive these bonds.

Next, write about how this new instrument of political party funding is aimed to ensure greater transparency by addressing the issue of anonymous financing. It sought to eliminate black money from the system.

Next, write about how they have increased opacity instead of increasing transparency.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to improve transparency with respect to electoral bonds.

Introduction

An electoral bond is a non – redeemable debt instrument. Designed to be a bearer financial instrument in the manner of a promissory note it is much more similar to a bank note which is liquid able in nature, or generally which is payable to the bearer on demand. This bond can be purchased by any citizen belonging to our country or any corporation registered or established in India.

Body

About Electoral Bond

  • Electoral bonds have been introduced to promote transparency in funding and donation received by political parties.
  • The scheme envisages building a transparent system of acquiring bonds with validated KYC and an audit trail. A limited window and a very short maturity period would make misuse improbable.
  • The electoral bonds will prompt donors to take the banking route to donate, with their identity captured by the issuing authority. This will ensure transparency and accountability and is a big step towards electoral reform.
  • The previous system of cash donations from anonymous sources is wholly non-transparent. The donor, the donee, the quantum of donations and the nature of expenditure are all undisclosed.
  • According to government the system of Bonds will encourage political donations of clean money from individuals, companies, HUF, religious groups, charities, etc.
  • After purchasing the bonds, these entities can hand them to political parties of their choice, which must redeem them within the prescribed time.
  • Some element of transparency would be introduced in as much as all donors declare in their accounts the amount of bonds that they have purchased and all parties declare the quantum of bonds that they have received.
  • The electoral bonds are aimed at rooting out the current system of largely anonymous cash donations made to political parties which lead to the generation of black money in the economy.

Critical analysis of electoral bonds

  • Since its introduction, electoral bonds have become an essential source of financing for all major political parties.
    • Between March 2018 and January 2021, electoral bonds worth Rs 6,514.50 crore were redeemed by parties.
  • While the ruling government has managed to receive the lion’s share (60.17%) of political funding made through the bonds, over half of the total income of all national and regional parties too was contributed through this method.
  • for both the principal political parties, it seems that the quantum of political donations channelised through cash donations/non-identifiable sources has decreased substantially.
  • Instead, today more funds are channelised through the formal banking system. This was not the case with the earlier system in which half of the political donations were not traceable as they were made in cash form.
    • Viewed from this angle, the electoral bonds scheme is an improvement over the previous system.
  • Electoral bonds have only legitimized opacity: The move could be misused, given the lack of disclosure requirements for individuals purchasing electoral bonds.
  • Electoral bonds make electoral funding even more opaque. It will bring more and more black money into the political system. Electoral bonds would cause a “serious impact” on transparency in funding of political parties
  • With electoral bonds there can be a legal channel for companies to round-trip their tax haven cash to a political party. If this could be arranged, then a businessman could lobby for a change in policy, and legally funnel a part of the profits accruing from this policy change to the politician or party that brought it about.
  • The amendments would pump in black money for political funding through shell companies and allow “unchecked foreign funding of political parties in India which could lead to Indian politics being influenced by foreign companies.
  • Companies no longer need to declare the names of the parties to which they have donated so shareholders won’t know where their money has gone.
  • They have potential to load the dice heavily in favour of the ruling party as the donor bank and the receiver bank know the identity of the person. But both the banks report to the RBI which, in turn, is subject to the Central government’s will to know.

Alternate mechanisms for electoral funding

  • According to Former Chief Election Commissioner S.Y. Quraishi, an alternative worth exploring is a National Electoral Fund to which all donors can contribute.
  • The funds would be allocated to political parties in proportion to the votes they get. Not only would this protect the identity of donors, it would also weed out black money from political funding.
  • The total cost of MPLADS funding for all MPs is nearly ₹4,000 crore every year, and scrapping the scheme even for one year in an MP’s five-year term will be enough to bankroll state funding of Lok Sabha candidates. This is a legalized way of allowing MPs and MLAs to shower money on their constituencies at state expense.
  • Direct funding of candidates, who will be reimbursed according to their final share of the votes cast.
  • The best way to bring about such transparency in political funding is to put a complete ban on cash donations by individuals or companies to political parties.
  • Making it mandatory for all parties to receive donations only by cheque, or other modes of money transfer.
  • There should be clear provisions for getting tax benefits for all those making such donations.
  • Make it mandatory for political parties to submit details of all donations received with the Election Commission and also with the income-tax department.
  • State funding of political parties can be considered. The Indrajit Gupta Committee on State Funding of Elections had endorsed partial state funding of recognised political parties.
  • The mechanics of this process need to be carefully worked out to establish the allocation of money to national parties, State parties and independent candidates, and to check candidate’s own expenditure over and above that which is provided by the state.
  • Voters have to be made aware through awareness campaigns about ill effects of money power during elections. Bringing political parties under the preview of RTI act.

Conclusion

The 255th Law Commission Report on Electoral Reforms observed that opacity in political funding results in “lobbying and capture” of the government by big donors. Various commissions, including the Election Commission, have given detailed recommendations on suitable remedies. Public funding needs to be examined and introduced with proper checks and balances.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3.  The introduction of “Tele-Manas,” a telemedicine mental health initiative, has been a positive development. But the success of this initiative depends on its ability to engage a broad audience and diminish the social stigma surrounding mental health conditions. Analyse.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses the significance of World Mental Health Day and reflects on the progress and challenges in the field of mental health in India over the past year.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the Tele-MANAS – national tele-mental health programme and the need to destigmatise mental health for its success.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving an overview of mental health set up in India and trends in mental health disorders.

Body:

First, write about the national Tele-MANAS, its features and the potential benefits from it.

Next, write about the need to reach masses and destigmatise mental disorders in the society – mention the steps that must be taken in this regard – creating awareness, accessible treatment, promoting well-being, harnessing AYUSH etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward of measures needed to further strengthen mental health in India.

Introduction

Tele-MANAS is a mental health helpline in India. It was launched in October 2022 by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. India’s Tele-MANAS, a round-the-clock mental health helpline launched on World Mental Health Day in 2022, has received over 3,40,000 calls from 32 states and union territories. The helpline was initiated in response to the increased mental health challenges brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, providing essential mental health first-aid support.

Body

The program’s objectives are:

  • To enable people to seek support for their mental health issues while maintaining anonymity
  • To facilitate timely referral for specialist care and follow-up
  • To enhance mental healthcare capacity and networking

Achievements of Tele-MANAS scheme

  • Since its launch in October 2022, Tele Manas has received over 200,000 calls from various parts of the country.
  • The initiative has been acknowledged as a novel approach to enable people to seek support for their mental health issues while maintaining anonymity, thereby reducing the stigma generally surrounding mental health issues.
  • Tele Manas will continue to provide callers with basic counseling and mental health services, with linkages to existing vital services and resources, including integration with e Sanjeevani in the coming days.
  • Promotion of Tele Manas services via different media platforms, such as print media, radio, and social media, is being carried out.

Importance of tele-mental healthcare 

  • During her Budget 2022-23 Speech in the Parliament, Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced a National Tele Mental Health Programme.
  • The programme, which has been hailed by all sectors of people for having the potential of changing mental health care in the country, is proposed to consist of23 tele mental health centres with NIMHANS (National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences Bangalore) acting as the nodal centre.
  • Meanwhile, for this, International Institute of Information Technology-Bangalore (IIIT-B)would be providing the technological expertise.
    • Lack of awareness and sensitivity aboutmental health is one of the biggest issues. There is a big stigma around people suffering from any kind of mental health issues.
    • They are often tagged as ‘lunatics’ by the society. This leads to a vicious cycle of shame, suffering and isolation of the patients.
  • Tele-mental healthcare can bridge the gapby connecting people from remote areas to health professionals in times of need but also help train general physicians and community health workers in mental healthcare.
  • They form the backbone of our health infrastructure, and the ability to provide mental health services at a primary level under the tele guidance of psychiatrists is a fruitful and cost-effective exercise.
  • The national tele-mental health programmeis expected to help people get easier access to quality counselling and care services related to mental health.

Way forward

  • There is a need to increase the number of Tele Manas cells across all states and Union Territories to ensure wider coverage and accessibility.
  • Conduct awareness campaigns to educate the public about the availability and benefits of Tele Manas services.
  • Collaborate with educational institutions, workplaces, and community organizations to promote mental health awareness and encourage the use of Tele Manas services.
  • Enhance the training of counselors and mental health specialists to ensure high-quality services.
  • Conduct research to assess the effectiveness of Tele Manas services and identify areas for improvement.
  • The need of the hour is to integrate Tele Manas with other mental health initiatives and programs to provide comprehensive mental health care.

Conclusion

Tele Manas is a significant step towards addressing mental health issues in India. By providing accessible and affordable mental health care services, it aims to improve the overall mental well-being of the population, particularly those in remote or under-served areas. With continued efforts to expand and improve the initiative, Tele Manas has the potential to make a lasting impact on the mental health landscape in India.

 

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

3. Reforming capital markets is an ongoing process, and it requires collaboration between market participants, regulators, and the government to ensure efficient and transparent financial markets that attract both domestic and foreign investment. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about capital market reforms, present issues and possible reforms and solutions to them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about the capital markets.

Body:

First, in brief, write about the importance of capital market in the country’s economy.

Next, write about various measures taken in the past to reform the capital markets – The Narasimham Committee (1991), SEBI, Credit Rating etc.

Next, write about the present issues in the capital market in the country and suggest possible measures to resolve them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

Introduction

The capital market is the place that acts as the platform between the suppliers and the buyers. The savings and investments are channelized between the persons who have capital and the person who needs capital. In simpler terms, the market where buyers and sellers engage in trading of financial securities like bonds, stocks, etc. However, the market is much wider than securities. The participants during such transactions can be an individual as well as an institution.

Body

Measures taken to reform capital markets

  • Abolition of Controller of Capital Issues: The Capital Issues (Control) Act, 1947 governed capital issues in India. The capital issues control was administered by the Controller of Capital Issues (CCI).The Narasimham Committee (1991) had recommended the abolition of CCI and wanted SEBI to protect investors and take over the regulatory function of CCI.
    • As a result, the government replaced the Capital Issues (Control) Act and abolished the post of CCI.
    • Companies are allowed to approach the capital market without prior government permission subject to getting their offer documents cleared by SEBI.
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI): SEBI was set up as a non-statutory body in 1988 and was made a statutory body in January 1992. SEBI has introduced various guidelines for capital issues in the primary market. They are explained below
    • Companies are required to disclose all material facts and specific risk factors associated with their projects
    • SEBI has also introduced a code of advertisement for public issues for ensuring fair and truthful disclosures
    • SEBI has allowed the companies to determine the par value of shares issued by them.
    • SEBI has allowed issues of IPOs through “book building” process
  • FIIs Permitted to Operate in the Indian Market: Foreign institutional investors such as mutual funds and pension funds are allowed to invest in equity shares as well as in debt market, including dated government securities and treasury bills
  • Accessing Global Funds Market:Indian companies are allowed to access global finance market and benefit from the lower cost of funds. They have been permitted to raise resources through issue of American Depository Receipts (ADRs), Global Depository Receipts (GDRs), Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds (FCCBs) and External Commercial Borrowings (ECBs).
  • Also, Indian companies can list their securities on foreign stock exchanges through ADR/GDR issues
  • Intermediaries under the Purview of SEBI: Merchant bankers, and other intermediaries such as mutual funds including UTI, portfolio managers, registrars to an issue, share transfer agents, underwriters, debenture trustees, bankers to an issue, custodian of securities, and venture capital funds – have been brought under the purview of SEBI
  • Credit Rating Agencies: Various credit rating agencies such as Credit Rating Information Services of India Ltd. (CRISIL – 1988), Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency of India Ltd. (ICRA – 1991), Cost Analysis and Research Ltd. (CARE – 1993) and so on were set up to meet the emerging needs of capital market.

Issues in the capital market

  • As the Indian economy is one of the fastest-growing economies of the world, many such challenges can hinder the growth as certain regulations have loopholes and there are several cases of embezzling funds, defrauding, and illegal channelizing of funds. The associates of the markets use it for unfair trade practices.
  • Individual investors can also break the stability of the market by increasing the lending or borrowing capacity.
  • Several such cases have depicted and identified the need for a more powerful regulating body.
  • The case of Harshad Mehta indicates the loopholes in the system that how the funds were channelized illegally and used to manipulate the stock market. He understood the gap in the money market
  • The market is generally held by a few investors that make the market biased as it diminishes the opportunity for new investors.
  • There should be a ceiling over the holding of stocks to promote fairness and to provide the opportunity for new investors.
  • Most of the financial scams that take place are due to the private dealings with the banks as they have a pool of funds so these should be strictly prohibited and a systematic way of regulating the funds in banks should be formulated.

Conclusion

The Indian capital market has undergone many changes after the challenges and the irreparable loss faced over years. There have been massive and revolutionary changes over years, and some significant changes that have reduced the financial scam cases. There has been a reduction of malpractices of trade over the years. The capital market has made tremendous progress in terms of institution building. They have transformed and developed the lives of investors and market intermediaries. The market has been friendlier by boosting performance and eliminating the challenges.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Money market plays a vital role in facilitating government financing and supporting overall economic stability is pivotal to India’s economic health and growth. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about importance of money markets.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining money markets.

Body:

Write about the importance of money market for India’s economy – Development of Trade and Industry, Development Of Capital Market, Smooth Functioning of Commercial Banks, Formulation Of Suitable Monetary Policy etc. Cite statistics to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

Introduction

The money market refers to trading in very short-term debt investments. At the wholesale level, it involves large-volume trades between institutions and traders. At the retail level, it includes money market mutual funds bought by individual investors and money market accounts opened by bank customers.

Body

Background

  • An individual may invest in the money market by purchasing a money market mutual fund, buying a Treasury bill, or opening a money market account at a bank.
  • Money market investments are characterized by safety and liquidity, with money market fund shares targeted at $1.
  • Money market accounts offer higher interest rates than a normal savings account, but there are higher account minimums and limits on withdrawals.

Importance of money market to Indian economy

  • Development of Trade and Industry: It is an important source of financing trade and industry, as it provides for short-term funds adequately and quickly
    • The money market, through discounting operations and commercial papers, finances the short-term working capital requirements of trade and industry and facilities the development of industry and trade both — national and international
  • Development Of Capital Market: The short-term rates of interest and the conditions that prevail in the money market influence the long-term interest, as well as the resource mobilization in capital market
  • Smooth Functioning of Commercial Banks: The money market provides the commercial banks with facilities for temporarily employing their surplus funds in easily realizable assets. The banks can get back the funds quickly, in times of need, by resorting to the money market.
    • It also enables commercial banks to meet their statutory requirements of cash reserve ratio (CRR) and Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) by utilizing the money market mechanism
  • Effective Central Bank Control: A developed money market helps the effective functioning of a central bank. It facilities effective implementation of the monetary policy of a central bank
  • Formulation Of Suitable Monetary Policy: Conditions prevailing in a money market serve as a true indicator of the monetary state of an economy.
    • Hence, it serves as a guide to the Government in formulating and revising the monetary policy, depending upon the monetary conditions prevailing in the market
  • Non-Inflationary Source of Finance To Government: A developed money market helps the Government to raise short-term funds through the treasury bills floated in the market.
    • In the absence of a developed money market, the Government would be forced to print and issue more money or borrow from the central bank; Both of which would lead to an increase in prices and the consequent inflationary trend in the economy

 

Conclusion

There are several pros and cons of money market investments. Most money market securities are considered extremely low-risk, due to the protection of FDIC insurance, backing by a government or bank, or the high creditworthiness of the borrowers. They are also very liquid, meaning that they can readily be exchanged for cash at short notice.

The tradeoff of having low risk is that these investments also have low returns. Not only do money markets underperform other asset classes, they often don’t even keep pace with inflation. In addition, any fees associated with an account can easily eat into those slim returns.

 

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Moral wounds have this peculiarity – they may be hidden, but they never close; always painful, always ready to bleed when touched, they remain fresh and open in the heart.” ― Alexandre Dumas

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about as to what you understand by moral wounds and how they are manifested. Mention about how they do not heal – as loss of morality can never be compensated. Cite examples.

Next, suggest ways to heal moral wounds to an extent.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

Introduction

Conscience is inner moral sense of a person which guides him/her to regulate his behaviour. Voice of conscience corresponds to an inner voice that judges your behaviour. Voice of conscience is the source of ethical decision making for many.

Body

Moral wounds always remain in hearts because man has a conscience.  Moral injury is understood to be the strong cognitive and emotional response that can occur following events that violate a person’s moral or ethical code.  Potentially morally injurious events include a person’s own or other people’s acts of omission or commission, or betrayal by a trusted person in a high-stakes situation. For example, health-care staff working during the COVID-19 pandemic might experience moral injury because they perceive that they received inadequate protective equipment, or when their workload is such that they deliver care of a standard that falls well below what they would usually consider to be good enough.

Ultimately conscience will guide us home. It is the canvas of your emotional & psychological behaviour. The conscience keeps all the records of our conscious and subconscious behaviours, thoughts & actions.

If your body is a temple, your conscience is the God. A clear conscience helps us to connect to our inner powers & treasures, through its intuitive language, to guide through moments of crisis and difficult situations.

Conclusion

As long as we know right from wrong and have an active aware conscience, we will follow a moral compass. Without basic rules surrounding morality, there will always be chaos. This is where moral philosophies can aid an individual.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“It is not enough to have a good mind; the main thing is to use it well.” ― Descartes

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how not having a good mind is enough as it will lead to no action. It is necessary to put that good mind to create a better society. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

Introduction

The quote says that a good mind is a great place to start, but that it is only a starting place. A good mind is the foundation on which to build. The quote urges us to learn how to use our mind, and use it well. That takes practice, and that takes time, effort, and the willingness to think.

Body

Descartes wants to shed light on the fact that we spend too much time in chasing things that are unimportant and of little value to us and we find it difficult to sit back and reflect on life. Life is indeed very fast-paced and competitive and we try to escape our difficulties by getting intoxicated so we forget about it but never really try to think and pursue things that we value. So this constant wastage of mental energy leaves us burned out and stressed chronically

The stoics believed in using our abilities in the right way for the right things as they argued that since we have limited time and energy, therefore we should use it for the right things which according to stoics are generally virtues and ethics and self-awareness.

So, we can only use our minds well if we know and accept that we have limited time and therefore ought to use it wisely. Even if we are born smarter than average or are really skilled in some way, if we lose our lives thinking about what is not in our control and worrying about future or past the this is sheer wastage of our tine and our mental abilities

Oppenheimer is credited as the father of the atomic bomb. But this one invention has changed the course of human history and has led to devastation of mankind. It is by virtue of this invention that there is a security dilemma, mutually assured destruction and fear of weapons falling in hands of rogue terror outfits. Hence this stands as a great example of not utilizing our abilities for the good of the world. With great mind power comes great repsonsibility.

Conclusion

“With great power comes great responsibility” has a simple meaning; if you have the ability to do something, make sure that you do it for the good of others. Highly admired people like Gandhi and Ninoy Aquino have done things that follow the spirit of this message. If you can stop something bad from happening, do it. You don’t have to be a superhero to follow those words of geek wisdom. It’s possible to do small actions that have a big impact in the world.


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