Print Friendly, PDF & Email

What is a glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF)? Analyse the vulnerability of the Himalayan region to such events due to climate change and glacier melt. Suggest steps to mitigate the impact of GLOFs in mountainous regions.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

6. What is a glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF)? Analyse the vulnerability of the Himalayan region to such events due to climate change and glacier melt. Suggest steps to mitigate the impact of GLOFs in mountainous regions. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses a recent glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) incident in Sikkim, India, which resulted in significant damage and loss of life.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about GLOF, India’s vulnerability and preparedness in tackling it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a GLOF.

Body:

First, write about how vulnerable India is to a GLOF. Cite statistics to substantiate and previous GLOF disaster faced by India.

Next, write about preparedness of India in handling a GLOF disaster – mention the steps that have been already taken, their strengths and limitations. Mention further steps that can be taken in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.