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Throw light on the importance of monsoon for India and account for variations in Indian monsoon year after year. Discuss the need for an all-weather insurance for Indian farmers against vagaries of global climate.

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Throw light on the importance of monsoon for India and account for variations in Indian monsoon year after year. Discuss the need for an all-weather insurance for Indian farmers against vagaries of global climate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference:  Insights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the variability of the monsoon in India and its significance. It highlights the importance of understanding the complexities and variations of the monsoon, especially in the context of climate change.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about importance of monsoon for India and causes for its variation and need for an all-weather insurance.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by introducing Indian monsoon and its importance briefly.

Body:

First, write in detail about the overall importance of Indian monsoon.

Start by briefly mentioning about mechanism of the monsoon and the reasons for fluctuations in Indian monsoon according to the seasons. Divide the answer in to various months and how monsoon varies with it. Use a diagram to explain it more systematically. Do include the Western Disturbances, Somali Jet Streams, Easterly Jet streams etc, climate change. Write about its impact.

Next, write about the need for an all-weather insurance and its advantages.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.