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United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crimes (UNTOC)

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 

Source: PIB

Context: The Minister of State for Home Affairs attended a two-day conference in Palermo, Italy, marking the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crimes (UNTOC).

The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) is a global and legally binding instrument adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2000 and enforced in 2003.

It is the first comprehensive treaty aimed at combatting transnational organized crime including human trafficking, migrant smuggling, and illicit firearms trafficking.

Currently, there are 191 parties to the Convention, including India (who joined it in 2002 and ratified it in 2011). Central Bureau of Investigation acts as the national Nodal Authority from India. India also enacted the Criminal Law Amendment Act in 2013, which specifically defines human trafficking.

 

About Transnational Organized Crime:

Transnational organized crime refers to criminal activities that operate across national borders, involving organized groups engaged in various illegal activities such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, money laundering, and cybercrime.