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Dr. M.S. Swaminathan made a significant contribution to modern India, playing a crucial role in the success of the Green Revolution, which effectively mitigated food shortages and enhanced agricultural productivity. Discuss.

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

2. Dr. M.S. Swaminathan made a significant contribution to modern India, playing a crucial role in the success of the Green Revolution, which effectively mitigated food shortages and enhanced agricultural productivity. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

MS Swaminathan, legendary agricultural scientist and father of India’s ‘Green Revolution,’ died at the age of 98 in Chennai on Thursday.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about green revolution in India and contributions of Dr M.S. Swaminathan.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of introduction of HYV in India in the face of acute food crisis leading to the green revolution.

Body:

In the first part, write about the pros and cons of the green revolution. The HYV technology increased agricultural output manifold, increase in yield of crops, fast adoption, modern equipment, self-sufficiency etc.

Next part, write about the contributions of Dr M.S. Swaminathan – scientist, researcher and academic but also as a visionary administrator.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.