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World Coffee Conference

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 

Source: HBL 

Context: The 5th World Coffee Conference (WCC) was held in Bengaluru, and organized by the International Coffee Organization (ICO), a UN body focused on highlighting the economic importance of coffee.

One of the key topics discussed at the conference was regenerative agriculture,” a holistic farming approach that emphasizes soil health, food quality, biodiversity, water quality, and air quality.

About Regenerative agriculture: 

Regenerative agriculture is a holistic farming approach that focuses on improving soil health, biodiversity, and sustainability by minimizing soil disturbance, diversifying crops, using cover crops, and integrating livestock. It aims to enhance resources rather than deplete them, by adhering to principles such as conservation tillage, crop diversification, soil cover with cover crops, and integration of livestock.

 

About ICO:

ICO (established in 1963, under the UN; HQ: London) serves as the only intergovernmental organization for coffee. It administers the International Coffee Agreement (ICA), an important instrument for development cooperation. Aims to strengthen the coffee sector and promote sustainable growth for the Global Coffee Value Chain (G-CVC). It is the sole intergovernmental coffee organization, uniting exporting and importing governments. It has 43 exporting members (including India) and 6 importing members.