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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 September 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society.

1. Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI) has a profound societal impact by improving access to services, promoting inclusion and fostering transparency. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article discusses the Digital India vision and the role of Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI) in transforming India’s digital landscape.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about DPI, its components and impact on society.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining DPI

Body:

First, write about the key components of DPI in India – Aadhaar, Digital Locker, Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS), Unified Payments Interface (UPI), and National Knowledge Network (NKN) and its their usage.

Next, write about the societal impact of DPI – access to essential services, improving digital literacy, bridging the digital divide, efficiency in government processes, fosters transparency and accountability etc.

Next, write about the shortcomings of the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. India’s constitution stands as a testament to the ideals and values drawn from the philosophies of great personalities who dedicated their lives to the country’s progress. Their principles have not only enriched India’s democracy but continue to guide the nation on the path of justice, equality, and social harmony. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article emphasizes the importance of respecting and honouring the Indian Constitution, a foundational document that has played a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s democratic framework.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various influences on Indian constitution and its impact.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by highlighting some of the ideals and values of the Indian constitution as enshrined in the Preamble.

Body:

Associate the ideals and values with leaders such as Gandhi- Local Governance, Nehru – Socialist state, Ambedkar – Equality (social-economic-political), Buddha- Inclusive society and few others  and you may also link it with the relevant articles of the constitution.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

3. India must adopt a strategy that combines resolute diplomacy with a strong military resolve can be effective in dealing with border issues with China. However, it’s essential to strike the right balance, remain committed to peaceful resolutions, and avoid actions that could inadvertently escalate tensions. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the way in which India has to deal with China.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the Indo-China situation.

Body:

Present a background on recent India-China relations; Continuing stand-off: no signs of resolution, disengagement has stalled and talks been fruitless. Rupture bilateral relationship: Political relations are marked by hostility and distrust.

Next, write about the measures that India can take in this regard.

Conclusion:

Suggest a way forward.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. India and the United States share an interest in promoting stability and security in the Indo-Pacific region; however, their geopolitical priorities may diverge. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the scope of India–United States (US) relations – in spheres of defence, technology, etc. Alignment of the above relations and their divergence.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the growth of the India-U.S relationship in the recent past.

Body:

In the first part, write about the US as India’s most comprehensive strategic partner, and cooperation between the two extends across multiple areas such as trade, defense, multilateralism, intelligence, cyberspace, civil nuclear energy, education, and healthcare.

Next, write about how even though in all these spheres they cooperate and are parallel in ideologies but not the same as both have diverged aspirations, and are based on different ideologies. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

5. While the Khalistan movement has declined in recent years, the threat of terrorism and violence associated with it continues to pose challenges to India’s internal security. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the shadow of the Khalistan movement on India-Canada relations. It highlights how the issue of Khalistan continues to strain bilateral relations between the two countries, with recent controversies related to Sikh separatism affecting diplomatic ties.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the threats from the Khalistani separatist movements and steps needed to nip it in the bud.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In the first part, write about the decline that was witnessed in the Khalistan insurgency in the recent years to due various steps of the government.

Next, write about recent developments and the Khalistan movement in India and abroad and threats to Indian internal security from it.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to tackle it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“The great secret of true success, of true happiness, is this: the man or woman who asks for no return, the perfectly unselfish person, is the most successful.” ― Swami Vivekananda

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting its core meaning about selflessness.

Body:

Write about how true happiness and success can come from being selfless – lack of greed, being compassionate, less expectations, less focus on material aspects. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Without facts you cannot have the truth, without truth you cannot have trust and without any of these things you cannot have a functioning democracy” – Maria Ressa

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the importance of truth in a democracy.

Body:

First, highlight on the necessary factors for a functioning democracy such as fact, truth and trust

Next, elaborate on the inter-linkages between these factors with suitable examples

Next, mention few instances of democratic breakdown due to failure of one of the mentioned factors.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the points discussed above.


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