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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 September 2023

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General Studies – 2


 

Topic: India and its neighbourhood – International relations

1. While India and Bangladesh have undoubtedly deepened their ties and resolved several issues, such as the land boundary dispute, there remain unresolved and contentious matters that require continued diplomatic efforts and cooperation between the two nations. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of the Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about issues in Indo-Bangladesh relation and ways to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context of the question.

Body:

First, give a brief snapshot of India- Bangladesh relation. How it has progressed over the years. Use diagram to show it.

Next, write about the issues still holding the relationship. Cite examples to support your points.

Next, suggest how those issues can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a futuristic view of the relationship.

 

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

2. India’s commitment to its Neighbourhood First Policy and Nepal’s reciprocation through constructive engagement will pave the way for a more stable, prosperous, and harmonious relationship between the two neighboring nations. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of the Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To bring out the changing landscape of Indo-Nepal relation in light of recent developments between the two countries and need for rebalancing,

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief, give a historical perspective of Indo-Nepal relations.

Body:

Present a timeline that depicts major events between India and Nepal and highlights the controversies around their relations. Elaborate upon the recent boundary issue as well he internal strife being witnessed in Nepal.

Discuss the underlying factors responsible for unchanging perspectives for each other. Bring out their impacts on the relations of the both countries. Discuss ties at different levels between the two – people to people ties, government to government ties, the China factor etc.

Bring out the present picture of the Indo-Nepal ties.

Conclusion:

Mention a way forward to recalibrate the ties and ensure mutual prosperity between the two countries.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

3. Liberalizing policies and reducing government interference could encourage investments, improve productivity, and enhance the global competitiveness of India’s tea industry. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

The article emphasizes the need for policy liberalization to rejuvenate India’s tea industry.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues with tea production and measures needed to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by briefly citing statistics regarding the extent of tea production in India and India’s share in global market.

Body:

First, write about the importance tea industry.

Next, write about the various issues in the tea industry – archaic laws, labour issues, pesticides, lack of standards etc.

Next, write about the measures that are required – draft Tea (Promotion and Development) Bill, overcoming labour issues, supply chain bottlenecks etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

4. India’s exports have been consistently declining, impacting the country’s trade balance and economic growth, which is a cause for concern. Examine. Suggest measures to overcome this trend. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the challenges faced by India’s goods exports, emphasizing the need for urgent attention.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for declining India’s exports and suggest measures to improve it amidst uncertainty.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving context to India’s export performance.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for the declining trends in Indian exports.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above slump– emphasising on export competitiveness, focus on small and labour-intensive firms and removing supply chain bottlenecks etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

5. The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act of 1985 has certain punitive elements, it also recognizes the importance of rehabilitation and treatment. However, there is a growing consensus that a more reformative and balanced approach is needed to address the complex issue of drug abuse and trafficking effectively. Critically comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article discusses the prevalence of drug abuse at educational institutions across India and its impact on students’ mental health.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse the various issues associated with present NDPS act and suggest effective changes.

Directive word: 

Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating the present stringent structure of the NDPS Act.

Body:

First, bring out the arguments that the drug users are victims addicted to it and needs institutional care than going through rigorous punishments on the same lines as that of the supplier.

Next, mention the need to sensitise the investigative agencies to understand and distinguish the different motives of the supplier and user.

Next, mention the cause-effect relation that the user and supplier has in order to maintain the illicit drug supply network and the need for some kind of fear psychosis even among the users and complete benefit of doubt to the victim has the threat of more people falling into drug addiction.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating the need for more sensitisation of the health and legal impacts of drug use and supply and also to up the institutional care of the victims.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. The consequences of our actions are important and we should weigh these up when we consider what we should do. Evaluate the statement in the context of utilitarian ethics. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ways to strengthen moral character among civil servants.

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by describing utilitarian ethics.

Body:

Explain utilitarianism, a moral theory that argues that actions should be judged right or wrong to the extent they increase or decrease human well-being or ‘utility’. It state that consequences of an action are good, then the act is moral and if the consequences are bad, the act is immoral.

Next, give the other side of the argument. As actions should be determined by principles rather than by consequences.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced opinion.

 

Topic: strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance

7. what are the ways of strengthening and improving the moral character of civil servants? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ways to strengthen moral character among civil servants.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining moral character.

Body:

With examples, write ways to strengthen moral characters in civil servants – training, creating a value system, rewards and punishment etc.

Conclusion:

Mention the importance of having civil servants of high moral character in administration.


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