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Efficient and effective civil services are essential for a nation’s development and unity. Reforms aimed at improving their functioning can lead to better governance, reduced corruption, and enhanced service delivery. Elaborate.

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

1. Efficient and effective civil services are essential for a nation’s development and unity. Reforms aimed at improving their functioning can lead to better governance, reduced corruption, and enhanced service delivery. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of civil services and reforms that are needed in them.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing a few introductory lines about the Civil services in India.

Body:

Discuss in points the role played by civil services in a democracy and try to connect them with Indian civil services – Role in Governance, Role in provision of public goods and services, Economic policy improvement and implementation, Role in fiscal sustainability, Role in institutional development etc.

Next, mention the various drawbacks and limitations with respect to civil services in India and the various reforms that are needed in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.