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Role of the Indian diaspora as an ambassador of India

GS Paper 2

 Syllabus: Indian Diaspora


Source: TOI

 Context: The Indian diaspora, represented by individuals like Vivek Ramaswamy, is achieving remarkable success in various fields, from technology to politics.


About Vivek Ramaswamy:

He is a Harvard and Yale Law graduate, billionaire in finance and biotech, and has gained recognition even from former President Donald Trump.


Other examples of leaders of Indian origin are:

  • Rishi Sunak (PM of UK)
  • Tharman Shanmugaratnam (Recently, Singapore President)
  • Christine Kangaloo President of Trinidad and Tobago
  • Leo Varadkar (Head of Government, Ireland)
  • Prithvirajsing Roopun (President of Mauritius)
  • Wavel Ramkalawan (President of Seychelles)


To know the examples of people of Indian origin in different fields: Click Here

What is the meaning of the term ‘Indian Diaspora’?

The Indian Diaspora is a generic term to describe the people who migrated from territories that are currently within the borders of the Republic of India. India has the second-largest Diaspora in the world. The overseas Indian community estimated at over 32 million is spread across every major region in the world.


Role of the Indian diaspora as an ambassador of India:

Area of Contribution Examples
Cultural Exchange and Soft Power Promotion of Yoga, Ayurveda, Indian spiritualism, Bollywood, and Indian cuisine abroad.
Celebrating Indian festivals and sharing Indian traditions, music, and dance in host countries.
Economic Ties and Investment Excellence in business, entrepreneurship, technology, and academia.
Significant contributions to the technology sector and venture capital in Silicon Valley.
Political Engagement and Advocacy Active participation in political processes and advocacy.
E.g., The Congressional Caucus on India and Indian Americans in the United States.
Knowledge-Economy Bringing technical expertise to domestic startups and acting as angel investors.
Diaspora Indian faculty abroad improving education quality in Indian institutions.
Philanthropy and Social Development Engaging in philanthropic activities, and supporting social development initiatives.
Providing aid during crises, such as raising funds and supplying medical equipment during pandemics.
Boosting Bilateral Ties Diaspora members hold prominent positions in the high offices of their host nations.
Facilitating significant agreements like the Indo-US Nuclear deal.


Engaging with the Indian diaspora:

Initiative Description
Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas Flagship program recognizing the contribution of the overseas Indian community to India’s development.
Immigration and Customs Clearance Easier immigration and customs procedures with courteous service to welcome Diaspora members to India.
Tracing the Roots Ministry of External Affairs’ scheme to help PIOs trace their Indian roots.
Know India Programme A three-week orientation program for diaspora youth to promote awareness of life in India and the country’s progress.
Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award Award to acknowledge the Indian diaspora’s contributions in promoting India, supporting its causes, and aiding local communities.
Sewa International Facilitates diaspora engagement in humanitarian causes, including disaster relief efforts in India and abroad.


The brain drain concern of the past has evolved into an understanding that Indians’ success abroad can benefit India, and the growing diversity among those leaving India is a reason for celebration. This trend reflects the diaspora’s ability to build bridges and coalitions internationally.


Insta Link:


Mains Link: UPSC 2017

Indian Diaspora has an important role to play in Southeast Asian countries’ economies and societies. Appraise the role of the Indian Diaspora in Southeast Asia in this context.