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“One nation, one election” could offer benefits in terms of efficiency and reduced campaign expenses, but achieving political consensus for this reform remains challenging. Examine.

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

3. “One nation, one election” could offer benefits in terms of efficiency and reduced campaign expenses, but achieving political consensus for this reform remains challenging. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduIndian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Top officials of the Union Law Ministry on September 3 held a preparatory briefing for former President Ram Nath Kovind who heads the high-level committee to examine and make recommendations for holding simultaneous polls to the Lok Sabha, State Assemblies and local bodies.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about possibility of holding simultaneous elections of the parliament and state legislatures in the country.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of ‘One Nation, One election’.

Body:

In the first part, write about advantages of simultaneous elections.

Next, write about the feasibility and India’s preparedness to conduct simultaneous election in India – 5 elections to legislatures per year, capability of election commission, growing political will etc.

Next, write about the limitations that hinder conduct of simultaneous elections in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion regard the conduct of simultaneous elections.