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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 1 September 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. There is a need for sustainable management practices and community involvement to ensure the long-term preservation of UNESCOs World Heritage Sites. Elaborate.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

The article emphasizes the importance of protecting World Heritage Sites as a crucial strategy for conserving biodiversity, as highlighted by the United Nations

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role played by the UNESCO world heritage sites in conservation efforts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing the objectives of UNESCOs world heritage sites (WHS).

Body:

In the detail, write about the issues faced by sites having cultural, historical and scientific significance in present day – poor conservation, negligence, encroachment etc.

Next, write about the measures taken by UNESCOs WHS in order to overcome the above.

Next, write about the successes and criticism of UNESCOs WHS programmes. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

2. Analyse the potential impact of Uniform Civil Code (UCC) on gender equality, personal freedoms, and social harmony in a diverse society. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The opinion piece highlights the need for a progressive Uniform Civil Code and its implications for children’s welfare, prompting a comprehensive analysis of the challenges and outcomes associated with such a code.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the implications for gender equality, personal freedoms, and social harmony.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce the concept of a Uniform Civil Code.

Body:

First, write about how the UCC can promote gender equality by ensuring equal rights and opportunities for women and men, irrespective of personal laws.

Next, write about the role of UCC in upholding personal freedoms by respecting individual choices while setting limits to protect vulnerable sections of society.

Next, write about the impact of UCC on social harmony by fostering a common legal framework and reducing disparities in personal laws.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

3. The role of the president as a defender of the constitution is a significant aspect of a democratic system of government. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of President of India in the Indian executive.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about president as the head of the Indian state.

Body:

First, write about the role of the president as the defender of the constitution.

Next, discuss how he is a titular head – He is the nominal head of the government but the real power lies with the Prime Minister. Discuss article 53, 74, 75 etc.

Next, write about where President’s powers and does not act as a rubber stamp. For Example -Veto powers of president like pocket veto, suspensive veto etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

4. The absence of debates in parliamentary proceedings can indeed have negative implications for the institution. Debates serve as a fundamental mechanism for a healthy democracy and should be nurtured to ensure effective governance and representation. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about importance of debates in the parliament for our democracy.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the importance of parliamentary debates and discussion to our democracy.

Body:

Further elaborate how these debates and deliberations are enriching for our democracy. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Next, give instances of reduced discussions on debates in key national issues in the parliament.

Next, evaluate the legislative process with respect of debates and discussions. Mention hasty passage of bills, frequent litigations, lack of expertise, bypassing Rajya Sabha, lack of referral to parliamentary committees etc.

Mention the measures that are needed to remedy this situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. What were the factors that drove GDP growth in India during the recent past? However, despite the increased growth rate, there must be continuous investment in skill development to sustain this growth and enhance India’s global competitiveness. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article discusses the significance of skilled labor and the robust growth of the services sector in the Indian economy.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the factors behind increased GDP growth and role of skilled labour can play in furthering it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the factors that led to increased GDP growth – investment and infrastructure, industry and manufacturing, services and consumption, and international trade.

Next, write about the role skilled labour can play in furthering it – well-trained workforce is essential for driving economic development and attracting investments.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

6. Examine the importance of maintaining fiscal prudence in a developing economy and distinguish between welfare measures and unsustainable freebies. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The editorial underscores the significance of fiscal prudence and the need to differentiate between genuine welfare measures and unsustainable populist giveaways, prompting a comprehensive analysis of their impacts on the economy.

Key Demand of the question:

To distinguish between sustainable welfare policies and short-term populist measures, and discuss the potential consequences of prioritizing immediate political gains over long-term economic stability.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of freebies.

Body:

First, write about the significance of fiscal discipline in maintaining economic stability, attracting investments, and ensuring long-term growth.

Next, write about the potential consequences of prioritizing short-term political gains over long-term economic stability, including fiscal deficit, inflationary pressures, and reduced government credibility.

Next, Write about the genuine welfare measures that empower marginalized sections and unsustainable freebies that strain public finances.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study

7. Anil, a diligent and dedicated officer, is assigned to the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO), a regulatory body responsible for ensuring the safety and efficacy of pharmaceutical products in the country.

Anil’s routine investigation into pharmaceutical companies takes an unexpected turn when he stumbles upon unusual discrepancies related to cough syrup exports. While reviewing export records, he notices that a significant quantity of substandard cough syrup is being shipped to various African nations.

Intrigued by this discovery, Anil delves deeper into the records and discovers a network of companies connected to each other. Some of these companies are seemingly legitimate pharmaceutical manufacturers, while others are intermediaries with obscure ties to shadowy figures.

Realizing the gravity of the situation, Anil decides to conduct an undercover investigation. He adopts a pseudonym and poses as a potential buyer of the substandard cough syrup. Through discreet communication channels, he establishes contact with one of the intermediaries, who offers him a deal at an astonishingly low price.

As Anil continues to interact with the intermediary, he discovers the layers of deception woven into the operation. The intermediary is skilled at providing plausible explanations for the low quality of the cough syrup, ranging from manufacturing issues to packaging errors. Anil realizes that this operation is sophisticated and well-orchestrated.

Anil manages to obtain samples of the substandard cough syrup under the guise of a deal negotiation. He arranges for these samples to be independently tested, and the results confirm his suspicions: the cough syrup is not only substandard but also potentially harmful to consumers.

Armed with concrete evidence, Anil decides to confront the network of companies involved. He presents his findings to his superiors at the CDSCO, but as he digs deeper, he discovers that some individuals within the organization, including his own boss, may be complicit in this illicit operation. This realization raises the stakes, and Anil must tread carefully to avoid tipping off those responsible.

      1. What are the ethical dilemmas faced by Anil?
      2. What course of action should Anil take? Why?
      3. How should he deal with the issue with respect to the involvement of his boss?

Difficulty level: Moderate


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