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[ Day 67 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – GS3 & Ethics




1)  What do you understand by the following quote? “May we think of freedom, not as the right to do as we please, but as the opportunity to do what is right”


True freedom goes beyond mere self-indulgence and encompasses the responsibility to make morally just choices. This perspective emphasizes that freedom is not merely about satisfying personal desires, but rather, it entails the empowerment to make decisions aligned with ethical principles and the greater good. This concept becomes apparent when we consider the inspiring story of Mahatma Gandhi and his actions exemplify the transformative potential of freedom when it is harnessed for virtuous and ethical purposes.


Reframing freedom as responsible opportunity:

  • Shift in perspective: The quote challenges the conventional notion of freedom as unrestricted action and urges us to view it as an avenue for making morally conscious choices.
  • Ethical responsibility: It emphasizes that true freedom entails the capacity to make decisions aligned with ethical principles and societal well-being.
  • Contextual application: The quote’s essence lies in recognizing that while freedom grants choices, it should be exercised with a sense of responsibility and consideration for the broader impact.

Balancing individual liberties and common good:

  • Ethics and collective harmony: The quote underscores the need to strike a balance between individual desires and the greater good of society.
  • Freedom’s limits: It implies that exercising freedom should not infringe upon the rights and well-being of others, promoting a harmonious coexistence.
  • Empowerment through conscience: Viewing freedom as an opportunity to do what is right empowers individuals to contribute positively to their communities and uphold shared values.

Ethical considerations in decision-making:

  • Conscious choices: It suggests that freedom should lead to conscientious decision-making, guided by moral values rather than self-interest.
  • Long-Term implications: It encourages individuals to consider the consequences of their actions on themselves and others, fostering a sense of responsibility.
  • Empathy and altruism: By aligning freedom with ethical behaviour, it promotes empathy, compassion, and a willingness to contribute to the well-being of others.


“Freedom consists not in doing what we like, but in having the right to do what we ought.” – Pope John Paul II

Thus, the saying encourages us to view freedom as a privilege to make choices that promote the common good and enrich the lives of others, ultimately fostering a harmonious and just community for all.


2)  Is there an adequate emphasis on ethical education in our country in the present times? Analyse (10M)


Ethical education refers to the systematic process of imparting knowledge, values, and principles that guide individuals in making morally responsible decisions and actions. It involves cultivating a deep understanding of ethical dilemmas, critical thinking skills, empathy, and a sense of social responsibility.


Is there an adequate emphasis on ethical education in our country in the present times?


  • Inclusion in curricula: Ethical education has gained recognition in various academic institutions as many schools and colleges offer courses on ethics, moral values, and philosophy, fostering a foundation for ethical awareness.
  • Government initiatives: The Indian government has taken steps to integrate ethical education into the academic system. Programs like the National Program on School Standards and Evaluation (NPSSE) (Shaala Siddhi) emphasize moral education as an integral component of holistic learning.
  • CSR initiatives: Some corporations engage in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities that fund initiatives such as workshops, and awareness campaigns to instil ethical values in students and communities.
  • Civil society efforts: Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society groups actively contribute to ethical education. They conduct awareness programs, workshops, and campaigns that address moral dilemmas and encourage ethical decision-making.
  • Legal and professional education: Ethical education is emphasized in legal and professional education, where students are taught about professional codes of conduct and ethical responsibilities within their respective fields.


  • Lack of uniformity: Ethical education lacks uniformity in terms of curriculum and implementation across different states and institutions, leading to inconsistent exposure to ethical teachings.
  • Minimal teacher training: Teachers often lack proper training and resources to effectively impart ethical education.
  • Examination-oriented system: The prevalent examination-oriented education system prioritizes academic achievements by rote learning over holistic development, leaving little room for deeper ethical discussions and character-building activities.
  • Commercialization of education: The increasing commercialization of education focuses on profit-oriented objectives, reducing the emphasis on ethical education.
  • Limited attention to contemporary ethical issues: The curriculum may not adequately address modern ethical challenges such as environmental degradation, social inequality, and digital ethics, leaving students ill-equipped to navigate complex moral dilemmas.


In conclusion, as Mahatma Gandhi astutely noted, “Knowledge without character” is indeed one of the seven deadly sins. To create a truly ethical and responsible society, it is imperative that we bridge the gap between knowledge and character, ensuring that ethical education takes centre stage in our educational institutions and nurturing individuals who possess not only the knowledge to excel but also the character to contribute positively to their communities and the world at large.

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