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While the Basic Structure Doctrine has played a significant role in safeguarding fundamental principles of the Indian Constitution, it is not without its criticisms. Examine the criticism of the basic structure doctrine.

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. While the Basic Structure Doctrine has played a significant role in safeguarding fundamental principles of the Indian Constitution, it is not without its criticisms. Examine the criticism of the basic structure doctrine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of doctrine of basic structure and its criticism.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

To write about the importance of doctrine of basic structure.

Body:

First, write about the various features of doctrine of basic structure – rule of law, parliamentary form of government, secularism etc.

Next, write about how the above is important in upholding the supremacy of the Constitution and preventing authoritarian rule by a single party.

Next, write a critique of the basic structure doctrine.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion.