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Kampala Declaration

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: DTE

 Context: A total of 48 African countries have agreed to adopt the Kampala Ministerial Declaration on Migration, Environment, and Climate Change (KDMECC) in order to tackle the connection between human movement and climate change on the continent.

  • This initiative aims to provide African states with a unified position for the upcoming Africa Climate Summit and the Conference of Parties (COP 28).
  • Originally signed by 15 African nations in July 2022, the KDMECC has evolved into KDMECC-AFRICA and is anticipated to be formally adopted during the Africa Climate Summit.

Africa is highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, which directly influence migration due to more frequent and severe extreme weather events.

According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, over 7.5 million people faced internal displacement due to disasters in the past year alone.