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Anti-microbial resistance (AMR) is a complex problem with far-reaching consequences for public health. The One Health approach offers a comprehensive strategy that can contribute significantly to combating AMR by addressing its underlying causes and promoting collaborative solutions. Discuss

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

5. Anti-microbial resistance (AMR) is a complex problem with far-reaching consequences for public health. The One Health approach offers a comprehensive strategy that can contribute significantly to combating AMR by addressing its underlying causes and promoting collaborative solutions. Discuss (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) was part of one of the three key health-related priority areas of the meeting set under India’s G20 presidency.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about concerns surrounding AMR, its causes, measures to deal with it and role of one health approach in this regard.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define AMR and its causes.

Body:

First, write about the why there is global cause of concern – Superbug, Multi drug resistance to bacterium and viruses, Increased cost of treatment, prolonged hospitalisation, increased mortality and less effective inoculation.

Next, write about the various initiatives to tackle AMR – Global Action Plan on AMR, World Anti-microbial awareness week, Delhi Declaration on AMR, National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance etc. Evaluate its efficacy.

Next, write about the one health approach and the initiatives it offers in dealing with AMR.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.