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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 August 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. The literary heritage of ancient India holds immense significance and has shaped various aspects of Indian culture and society. Explore the rich tapestry of ancient Indian literature, discussing its key features and the profound impact it has had on the country’s cultural and social fabric. (250 words)

Difficulty Level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies paper – 1 and is mentioned as part of the Mission-2024 Secure timetable (revision).

Key Demand of the question:

To provide an elaborate analysis of the importance and notable characteristics of ancient Indian literature and its impact.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write about the diversity of ancient Indian literature.

Body:

First write about the Diverse Genres of ancient Indian literature: Epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, Religious texts including Vedas, Upanishads, and Puranas, Poetry, drama, and philosophical treatises, Sangam literature showcasing regional diversity etc.

Next, write about the Key Themes: Exploration of religious concepts like dharma, karma, and moksha, Depiction of moral and ethical values, Representation of historical events and legends etc.

Next, write about the Impact on Society: Influence on cultural practices and traditions, Shaping of social norms and values, Contribution to the development of art forms like music, dance, and drama etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. What are the key features and significance of modern Indian paintings in the contemporary art scene? (150 words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies paper – 1 and is mentioned as part of the Mission-2024 Secure timetable (revision).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the key features and significance of modern Indian paintings in the context of contemporary art.

Introduction: 

Write briefly about the background of modern Indian paintings.

Body:

Write about the fusion of traditional Indian art forms with contemporary techniques in modern Indian paintings. Discuss the use of vibrant colors, bold brushstrokes, and diverse subject matters in these paintings.

Next, mention prominent artists such as Raja Ravi Varma, Amrita Sher-Gil, and M.F. Husain and their contributions to modern Indian art. Discuss the global recognition and influence of modern Indian paintings.

Conclusion:

Summarize the key features and significance of modern Indian paintings.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

3. By prioritizing gender-sensitive policies and initiatives, India can enhance its efforts to combat hunger and malnutrition more effectively. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express , Insights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the issue of hunger in India and suggests that addressing this challenge requires a focus on gender-sensitive economic growth.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of malnutrition and suggest measures to tackle malnutrition in India and role of gender-sensitive policies in doing so.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic regarding malnutrition in India based on NFHS-5.

Body:

In the first part, write about the consequences of malnutrition – which includes stunting (low height for age), wasting (low weight for height), underweight (low weight for age) and micronutrient deficiencies or insufficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals). The other is overweight, obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer).

Next, write about how women play a crucial role in ensuring food security and nutrition within families, and their empowerment can have a significant positive impact on reducing hunger.

Next, suggest measures needed to tackle hunger and malnutrition in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to achieve SDG-2.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. India needs to strike a balance between its multipolarity rhetoric and its foreign policy actions within the BRICS group, especially in a rapidly evolving global landscape. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses India’s position within the BRICS group (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) and examines the effectiveness of India’s pursuit of a multipolar world order.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues among the BRICS countries in the present day and need for India to strike balance regarding its multipolarity rhetoric.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding BRICS.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various issues among the BRICS member countries which has brough them at a crossroad. Mention the current limitations of the BRICS bloc and hindrances to achieve its potential.

Next, write about – India has consistently advocated for a multipolar world and emphasized its commitment to strategic autonomy, its foreign policy choices within the BRICS framework have often aligned with major powers like the United States. This raises questions about India’s ability to maintain true multipolarity while also cooperating closely with dominant global players.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward and diplomatic steps needed to be taken in this regard.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. Highlight the potential applications of generative Artificial intelligence (AI). Evaluate the challenges posed generative AI. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article discusses the growing influence of large language models in the field of artificial intelligence and their impact on the generative AI market.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about generative AI, changes introduced by it and opportunities and threats posed by it.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining generative AI.

Body:

First, write about the changes introduced by generative AI as chatbot which has brought in new aspects to conversational AI.

Next, write about the advantages it brings in various domains such as – education, journalism, search engines, art etc.

Next, write about the limitations of generative AI and adverse effect it can cause in the existing industry.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions.

6. Conflict of interest have the potential to erode trust, compromise decision-making processes, and undermine ethical standards. Examine. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about conflict of interest entails and how its impact.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start the answer by defining conflict of interest.

Body:

Write about the nature of a conflict of interest, emphasizing that it arises when an individual’s personal interests or relationships potentially compromise their objectivity, impartiality, or fiduciary duty. Discuss how conflicts of interest can impact decision-making processes, potentially leading to biased or compromised choices that prioritize personal gain over the greater good. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning ways to overcome the above.

 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

7. The virtue of integrity serves as a guiding light that shapes decisions, actions, and interactions in ways that promote authenticity, trust, accountability, and a sense of shared values. Analyse. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how integrity influences personal growth, ethical conduct, and the overall welfare of individuals and society.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start the answer by defining integrity.

Body:

Write about and explain how integrity fosters personal growth by promoting self-awareness, accountability, and consistency between one’s values and actions. Discuss the role of integrity in ethical behaviour, emphasizing how it cultivates honesty, trustworthiness, and respect for others.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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