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Gaps in Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Amendment Act

GS Paper 2

 Syllabus: Government Policies and Intervention


Source: TH

 Context: We already discussed the act before, here we do an analysis of the act 


Critical analysis of the Act:

Aspects Description
National and State Databases The necessity of a centralized national-level database is questioned, as State-level databases with data flow could serve the purpose.
Aadhaar Number Collection While the Bill mandates collecting Aadhaar numbers of parents during birth registration, it lacks provisions for collecting Aadhaar numbers of deceased individuals.


This omission creates challenges in updating databases and achieving transparent service delivery.

Role of Registrar General The Bill adds maintaining the central database to the Registrar General of India’s functions.


However, some argue that the role of coordination and unification of registration should be the primary responsibility of State governments, rendering a national database unnecessary.

Database Usage and Updates The Bill states that the centralized database will update various national-level databases like NPR, electoral rolls, Aadhaar, and more.


However, the need for parliamentary approval and the potential risks of adding databases over time are concerns.

Cause of Death Certificate The Bill mandates medical institutions to provide a cause of death certificate.


Issues arise from instances where a definite diagnosis isn’t possible before death or where alternative medicine practitioners may not classify causes according to international standards.

Birth Certificate for Proof The Bill suggests using the birth certificate as proof for various purposes such as admissions, passports, and Aadhaar.


However, some argue that this could be achieved through amendments in rules rather than the Act itself.

Missing Persons in Calamities The Act lacks provisions for registering “presumed deaths” when natural calamities or accidents occur, causing delays in issuing death certificates.


Inserting such provisions could aid families in getting death certificates earlier in such cases.


About The Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Act, 1969

The act makes it compulsory to register births and deaths in India based on the location of the event. State governments are responsible for the registration process and have established facilities for this purpose. A Chief Registrar in each state oversees the Act’s implementation, with officials at different levels handling the registration process. The Registrar General of India (RGI) coordinates and unifies the Act’s implementation.


Insta Links:

Amendments to the Registration of Births and Deaths Act 


Mains Links: 

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