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[ Day 44 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Ethics

 

Ethics


 

Q1.  Do you think we are as open to moral learning as we were in schools when we grow up? Critically analyze (10M)

Introduction:

Moral learning is the compass that guides individuals towards virtuous paths. The extent to which we remain open to moral learning as we grow up has profound implications for personal growth and societal development.

Body:

Reasons why Kids are more open to moral learning than adults:

  • Receptivity to New Ideas: As children, we are often more open-minded and curious. However, as we grow older, our beliefs and values may become more entrenched, leading to resistance to challenging existing views.
  • Influence of Surroundings: Schools play a pivotal role in instilling moral values. However, as adults, our environment, social circles, and media exposure might overshadow school teachings, impacting our openness to further moral learning.
  • Cognitive Development: While children are more influenced by authority figures, adults might critically analyze moral teachings, leading to selective acceptance.
  • Life Experiences: Real-life experiences can shape moral perspectives. Positive experiences may reinforce moral values, while negative experiences may lead to cynicism and reluctance to engage in further moral learning.
  • Cultural and Religious Factors: As adults, individuals may adhere rigidly to cultural norms, hindering openness to alternative moral perspectives.

As adults, we are open to moral learning but the factors to which we react change. They include,

  • Personal Growth and Self-Reflection: For example, individuals may seek out self-help books, attend workshops, or engage in spiritual practices to deepen their moral understanding.
  • Challenging Life Experiences: For instance, witnessing poverty and inequality may inspire individuals to engage in charitable work and support social justice causes.
  • Changing Social and Cultural Norms: For instance, growing awareness of environmental issues may prompt individuals to adopt more sustainable and ethical practices.
  • Role Models and Inspirational Figures: For example, the life and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi have inspired countless individuals to embrace non-violence and social justice.
  • Cultivating Empathy and Compassion: For instance, volunteering in social welfare programs can cultivate empathy and a sense of moral responsibility.

Conclusion:

The extent to which individuals remain open to moral learning as adults varies significantly, but moral learning remains an essential aspect of personal growth and societal well-being.

 

Q2.  What are some of the moral ways through which we are trying to fight historical injustices in India? (10M)

Introduction:

Historical injustices refer to past wrongdoings, discrimination, and systemic inequalities that have affected specific groups of people over an extended period, such as caste discrimination in India.

Body:

Moral ways in which we are fighting include:

  • Affirmative Action: such as reservation accepting morally the historical injustices and need for such action. For instance, Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), and Other Backward Classes (OBC) receive reserved seats in educational institutions and government jobs.
  • Educational Initiatives: increasing access to quality education for historically disadvantaged communities. For example, the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan aims to provide free and compulsory education to all children, especially those from marginalized backgrounds.
  • Empowerment through Entrepreneurship: Several organizations and government programs promote entrepreneurship among marginalized communities. Initiatives like Stand-Up India and Startup India aim to empower Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and women entrepreneurs.
  • Cultural and Heritage Preservation: Inspired by Black History Month in the United States, Dalit History Month is celebrated in April, which tries to instill a sense of pride in the community’s own past, lived existence, wisdom and courage.
  • Public places: Historically, Dalits were excluded from receiving any form of public recognition. But Ambedkar statues have reclaimed public space for Dalit contributions in virtually every town in India. Holding the constitution in one hand and pointing ahead with the other, toward a more just and equal society.
  • Support for Working Women: Establishing supportive work environments and policies, such as maternity leave and childcare facilities, to encourage women’s workforce participation.
  • Artistic: Art and movies in India showcase historical injustices, raising awareness and promoting dialogue for social change. Films like “Article 15”,”Pink” etc. address societal issues and inspire action.

Things which can be done:

  • Encouraging Inter-faith and inter-caste marriages: which remains near to 5% in India.
  • Sensitization Programs: for government officials, law enforcement, and other stakeholders to address their biases and promote a more empathetic and just approach.
  • Strengthening Justice Delivery Systems: Ensuring a fair and efficient justice delivery system is crucial to address historical injustices and hold perpetrators accountable.

Conclusion:

The fight against historical injustices calls for moral rectitude, empathy, and compassion, as we strive to create a just and inclusive world.

 


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