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Given the significance of semiconductors, India’s strategic interests align with developing a strong domestic semiconductor industry. India should have a comprehensive strategy to address its semiconductor needs, promote innovation, and strengthen national security. Discuss.

Topic: indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. Given the significance of semiconductors, India’s strategic interests align with developing a strong domestic semiconductor industry. India should have a comprehensive strategy to address its semiconductor needs, promote innovation, and strengthen national security. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses the “Chips Act” of the United States and suggests that India could learn from its approach to boost domestic semiconductor manufacturing.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about applications of semi-conductors and how the government can create a thriving domestic semiconductor industry.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In the first part, discuss the various applications of semiconductors – computers, phones, server farms, missiles and in their guidance systems, warplanes, submarines, aircraft carriers, satellites etc.

Next, write about the steps need to create a robust domestic industry for semiconductors – tackling R&D problems, funding, solving intellectual property issues. Mention various measures already initiated by the government in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.