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Regular monitoring and evaluation of the efforts to eradicate manual scavenging are essential to assess progress and make necessary adjustments to the strategies. Examine.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. Regular monitoring and evaluation of the efforts to eradicate manual scavenging are essential to assess progress and make necessary adjustments to the strategies. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Data on the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment’s mobile app ‘Swachhata Abhiyaan’ identifies 6,253 cases of manual scavenging in the country. But the Ministry is not sure if the numbers are authentic.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the persistent practise of manual scavenging despite being banned and steps needed to stop it.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about reasons for lack of effective implementation of the law – lack of alternative livelihood opportunities for affected communities, political will, resources, and capacity-building of government agencies.

Next, write about the steps we can take in this regard – multi-pronged approach that addresses the root causes of the problem, provides alternative livelihood opportunities, ensures effective implementation of laws and policies, and promotes public awareness campaigns to change societal attitudes etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.