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Mao Zedong’s emphasis on Marxism-Leninism and his vision for a socialist society were evident in his reformist policies after the Chinese Civil War. Elucidate.

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. Mao Zedong’s emphasis on Marxism-Leninism and his vision for a socialist society were evident in his reformist policies after the Chinese Civil War. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Mastering World History by Norman Lowe

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

The problems China faced following the Communist victory over KMT in 1949, and the measures introduced by Mao to address them.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by writing that an important reason why the CCP had emerged victorious was that it had a large following among the masses.

Body:

Write what the problems facing China and its people were, then how Mao attempted to resolve them.

Next, write about measures introduced by Mao based on principles of Marx and Lenin – land reforms, collectivization, and rapid industrialization. He initiated campaigns like the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution to accelerate socialist transformation.

Next, Mention the positive as well as negative impact of the same.

Conclusion:

End your answer by highlighting some of the changes introduced by Deng Xiaoping upon his ascendancy.