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Mangrove Mitra Programme (Odisha)


Source: HT

Context: At least 25 families in Odisha’s Kendrapara district have donated over 25 acres of their land near Bhitarkanika National Park (BNP) for mangrove plantation under the Mangrove Mitra Programme. The park has 82 mangrove species, but the expansion of aquaculture and agriculture has degraded the mangrove habitats in the region.

The land donation is aimed at regenerating mangrove forests during the monsoon season. The Bhitarkanika mangrove ecosystem is India’s second-largest, but it has suffered losses due to deforestation caused by resettlement and human activities. Activists emphasize that mangrove forests offer the best insurance against such natural calamities.

The 2021 Forest Survey of India report said the mangrove forest cover in the country increased by 17 square km over the previous two years.

Use: The initiative shows the values of  Environmental stewardship and conservation, Community solidarity and collaboration,  and Recognition of the importance of natural ecosystems for protection against calamities.