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Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) involves proactively identifying and addressing the underlying risks and vulnerabilities that can lead to disasters. Analyse in the context of India’s adoption of the National Disaster Management Plan.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management

5. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) involves proactively identifying and addressing the underlying risks and vulnerabilities that can lead to disasters. Analyse in the context of India’s adoption of the National Disaster Management Plan. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses India’s adoption of the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) and its significance in enhancing disaster risk reduction efforts.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the complementary nature of disaster prevention and emergency response during a disaster and role of National Disaster Management Plan in doing so.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR).

Body:

First, write about role of disaster prevention in mitigating the impact of disasters – identifying potential hazards, assessing the risk they pose, and taking steps to reduce the likelihood of a disaster occurring.

Next, write about the importance of emergency response – search and rescue, medical assistance, shelter and basic needs, communication and coordination, and damage assessment.

Next, write about National Disaster Management Plan, its components and how it will contribute to disaster risk reduction.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.