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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 July 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Tilak’s contributions played a crucial role in energizing and mobilizing the masses in the struggle for India’s independence. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India.

Why the question:

July 23 was the birth anniversary of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, whom Mahatma Gandhi called “the Maker of Modern India”, and Jawaharlal Nehru described as the “the Father of the Indian Revolution”.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the key role of Tilak as a leader in India’s struggle for Independence.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction of Tilak – the nationalist, the politician and a fearless leader of the masses.

Body:

Mention key factors that leads to term Tilak as a pragmatic leader – to realise the need to connect to the masses, the true nature of British rule etc. Further elaborate on his four  point programme such as stating of Deccan education Society, two newspapers, and New English school to promote education and awareness of the masses. Tilak’s approach to economic exploitation of the British was to Boycott and protect and promote the  indigenous industries and artisans while passive resistance was an extension of the Boycott principle, to encourage the masses to not pay taxes and prepare them for self-rule.

In the next part, mention the contributions of Tilak in detail apart from the above. His part in spreading nationalist consciousness, Home rule league, creation of mass base etc.           

Conclusion:

Stress on the timely interference of Tilak to demystify the true nature of the British and bring in a new vigour to India’s freedom struggle.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. Examine the historical significance of the American War of Independence and the American Civil War on the United States’ nation-building process and its influence on global history. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the historical significance and impact of the American War of Independence and the American Civil War.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give the context of American War of Independence and the American Civil War, emphasizing their importance in shaping American history and global developments.

Body:

First, write about the impact of American War of Independence – Emergence of the United States as a sovereign nation, Nation-building, Formation of a new political system, democratic institutions, Constitution drafting etc.

Next, write about the impact of American Civil War – Post-war reconstruction period and societal changes, Global significance, Impact on international perception of the United States, abolitionism influence etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

3. The French Revolution was a transformative event that marked the end of the monarchy and the birth of modern republicanism, profoundly altering the course of moder world history in several significant ways. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of French Revolution on France and rest of the world.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give the context of French Revolution of 1789 as a total revolution.

Body:

First, write about the impact of the revolution on France – Political, Economic and Social impacts in detail are to be written.

Next, write about the ways in which the revolution impacted the rest of the world in different ways. Mention its impact on India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the legacy of French revolution.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

4. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) is a key institution in India’s democratic setup. Its reports and findings play a significant role in holding the government accountable for its actions and financial management, contributing to transparency and integrity in the administration of public resources. Critically examine its performance in the recent years. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

There was a delay of 17-50 months in identifying areas and people affected by mining in Chhattisgarh, an audit by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) found.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the powers, functions and responsibilities of Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) in India add to analyse its performance.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating that the Constitution of India provides for an independent office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) and relevant articles mentioned in the constitution.

Body:

In the first part, write about the major functions of CAG – responsible for auditing and accounting of all receipts and expenditures of the Government of India and the state governments.

Next, write about its audit functions – performance audits, compliance audits, and financial reviews of various government programs and initiatives. Write about its reports to uphold transparency and accountability – reports prepared by the CAG are presented in the Parliament, and the findings are discussed and debated by the Members of Parliament.

Next, write about the performance of CAG with respect to its above-mentioned functions in the recent years. Write about its achievement and limitations. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

5. Despite the global economic recovery, India’s exports have been consistently declining, impacting the country’s trade balance and economic growth, which is a cause for concern. Explain the measures that are needed to be taken in order to improve exports from India and reverse the declining trend. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The article highlights the significance of India’s exports for the country’s economic growth and calls for concerted efforts from the government and industry stakeholders to overcome the hurdles and revive the export sector to achieve sustainable growth.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for declining India’s exports and suggest measures to improve it amidst uncertainty.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving context to India’s export performance.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for the declining trends in Indian exports.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above slump– emphasising on export competitiveness, focus on small and labour-intensive firms and removing supply chain bottlenecks etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. ISRO has elevated India’s space endeavours to new heights. However, it is essential to strike a balance between commercial interests and ISRO’s primary mission of serving national needs. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article celebrates ISRO’s journey of growth and its position as a pioneer in space exploration.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about growing reputation of IRSO in commercial launches and benefits from it. Also, to write about to the need to ensure balance between commercial interests and the nation’s needs.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various commercial projects undertaken by ISRO successfully.

Next, write about advantages of the above – revenue, technology development, reputation, competition etc.

Next, write about the concerns associated with commercialisation of ISRO – potential impact of commercialization on ISRO’s core mission of space exploration and research.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics;

7. Normative ethics serves as a foundation for ethical reasoning and decision-making, providing frameworks for evaluating the moral implications of actions and guiding individuals in making ethical choices. Explain. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about Normative ethics and its role in ethical decision making.

Directive:

Explain – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In the introduction, given brief of major aspects of normative ethics.

Body:

Explain the detail the various of features of normative ethics and its role in helping decide the rightness or wrongness of the actions. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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