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You are posted as SP of a district after clearing civil services in your first attempt at the young age of 23. The posted district has incidentally seen many cases of dowry related deaths and violence in the recent past. There are also allegations that police do not register complaints and that they try to arrive at a ‘compromise’ between the victims and the oppressors.

Topic: Case Study.

7. You are posted as SP of a district after clearing civil services in your first attempt at the young age of 23. The posted district has incidentally seen many cases of dowry related deaths and violence in the recent past. There are also allegations that police do not register complaints and that they try to arrive at a ‘compromise’ between the victims and the oppressors.

One evening, a female complainant meets you in the office. You recognise her as your childhood classmate in high school. She was one the brightest students and your competitor in studies who topped the school in 10th grade. But post school you both lost contact. She narrates that unfortunately, she was married immediately she turned 18 and her parents did not allow her to study much. Though, she was very much interested in getting a degree and pursuing civil services was her ambition too.

Post her wedding, she got busy with household work and taking care of her husband and in-laws. Though, her in-laws were conservative from the start but they did not demand any dowry either during marriage or after it. Juggling her responsibility, she managed to obtain a bachelors degree from IGNOU. During the pandemic induced lockdown, her husband’s business suffered immensely brought them on the verge of bankruptcy. This led the beginning of indirect and symbolic demands of dowry from her husband.

These demands got more aggressive and direct as time passed by. When she informed her parents they managed to send some money to ‘ease his suffering’ but that was not enough. This also led to a few incidents of domestic violence due to the frustration of the husband. When informed to her in laws, they told “it’s a common norm and every woman has to go through this”. Same was the opinion of her parents and told her to just let it go.

She confides in you that she is very much distressed and disturbed because of this and has no support whatsoever from family.

      1. Why is dowry so deeply entrenched in the Indian society?
      2. Suggest steps to tackle domestic violence in India.
      3. As the superintendent of police what action will you be taking?
      4. What will be your advice to your friend?

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Case Study Fridays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

You may begin by bringing out the gravity of the issue of domestic violence in India.

Body:

  1. Mention the causes behind never ending menace of dowry – greed, desperation, patriarchy, customary, acceptance etc
  2. Mention steps to holistically address the issue of rising domestic violence in India.
  3. In detail, mention the course of action you will take address the multiple issues in the case study.
  4. As a friend what will be your advice with respect to the issues she is facing and for her future.

Conclusion:

Stress on the need to end the menace dowry and domestic violence in India.