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NATO should prioritize building stable and inclusive security architecture in Europe rather than pursuing expansion at all costs. Critically examine.

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. NATO should prioritize building stable and inclusive security architecture in Europe rather than pursuing expansion at all costs. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The editorial advocates for a cautious approach, urging NATO and Ukraine to take a reflective pause, carefully evaluate the risks and benefits, and engage in constructive dialogue to address the complex issues surrounding NATO’s expansion and Ukraine’s aspirations.

Demand of the question:

To write about NATO and its emphasis on building stable Europe rather than pursuing expansion.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with brief background of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

Body:

First, briefly discuss the origins of NATO during the cold war.

Next, write about the significance of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) – Represents 30 nations, one billion people, and half of the world’s economic and military might. Provided unprecedented peace and security for the Euro-Atlantic area; Acts as fundamental pillar of the international order being the most successful alliance in history.

Next, write about the role of NATO in prioritizing dialogue, diplomacy, and engagement with neighbouring countries, including Russia. It calls for a measured and cautious approach that takes into account the interests and concerns of all stakeholders in the region.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.