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New Wheat Variety

 

 Source: IE

 Context: The Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) has developed a new variety of wheat called PBW RS1, which has high amylose starch content.

 

Advantages:

  • Reduce the risks of type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases: Chapatis made from this wheat release glucose more slowly into the bloodstream, providing a feeling of satiety and potentially reducing the prevalence of diet-related diseases.
  • It is resistant to yellow rust and moderately resistant to brown rust fungal diseases.

 

Concern:

It has slightly lower productivity compared to other varieties.

 

About Starch:

Starch is a complex carbohydrate found in various plant-based foods, such as grains, potatoes, and legumes. It serves as a storage form of energy in plants. Starch is composed of glucose molecules that are joined together in long chains.

 

About Amylose:

Amylose is a type of starch found in various carbohydrate-rich foods, including grains like wheat. It is one of the two main components of starch, the other being amylopectin. Foods with higher amylose content generally have a slower digestion rate and a lower impact on blood sugar levels compared to foods with higher amylopectin content.