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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 July 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1.  Western-educated Indians began to question the legitimacy of British rule and were inspired by concepts like democracy, nationalism, and self-governance, which fuelled the growth of Indian nationalism. Examine. (250)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Key Demand of the question: To write about nationalism, factors for its rise and different views regarding it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining nationalism.

Body:

First, write about the various factors that led to rise of nationalism in India – the Despotic nature of the rule, the racial discrimination, indiscriminate taxation, ruining of Industries, Introduction of modern education, the influx of ideas of liberalism and constitutionalism, the rise of an educated middle class, the impact of the press, the impact of socio-religious reform movements etc.

Next, write about the role of Western-educated Indians in the rise of Indian nationalism.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating a balanced opinion.

 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. While the Moderates advocated for a gradual and constitutional approach, their contributions were significant in shaping the nationalist discourse and setting the stage for future struggles against British colonial rule. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question: 

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about contributions of Moderates and the role played by them in India’s struggle for independence.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write about how Moderate phase marked the beginning organised struggle in freedom movement.

Body:

Elaborate upon their contributions of economic critique of nationalism, explain in detail the role of moderate in laying foundations for India’s struggle for Independence, spreading nationalism to far and wide and protecting the nascent Indian National Congress from any serious repercussions of the British.

Conclusion:

Summarise the legacy of moderates.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes

3. Evaluate the impact of demographic transition on the lives of women and the need for gender-responsive policies and interventions. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article highlights the link between demographic transition and women’s lives, emphasizing the need for gender-responsive policies.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of demographic transition on women, assess the challenges and opportunities, and emphasize the importance of empowering women for sustainable development.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduce the concept of demographic transition.

Body:

Frist, write about the impact of demographic transition on women – changing population dynamics, such as declining fertility rates, increasing life expectancy, and urbanization, influence women’s roles, opportunities, and challenges.

Next, write about challenges and opportunities arising from demographic changes – migration patterns, and urbanization can create both positive and negative outcomes for women.

Next, Suggest the need for gender-responsive policies and interventions to overcome above negative outcomes.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. Throw light on the concept of “greenwashing”. In this context, analyse the amendments proposed in the Forest Conservation Amendment Bill 2023 and their implications on environmental protection and sustainable development. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article highlights the amendments proposed in the Forest Conservation Amendment Bill 2023 and raises concerns about potential greenwashing.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the proposed amendments, examine the concept of greenwashing, and evaluate the need for stronger safeguards in forest conservation efforts.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining greenwashing and explain it briefly.

Body:

First, write the amendments proposed in the Forest Conservation Amendment Bill 2023 – Ease of diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes, the provision for compensatory afforestation, and the relaxation of environmental impact assessment requirements.

Next, write about the potential implications of these amendments on forest conservation, biodiversity, and the rights of forest-dependent communities.

Next, suggest various measures that are further required to tackle this issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

5. Given the rapidly evolving nature of online recruitment, intelligence and counter-terrorism agencies must remain flexible and adaptive. They should continuously review and update their strategies, leverage emerging technologies, and stay abreast of the latest trends in online radicalization. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

India is an extremely responsible power but when the need for a hot pursuit against terrorist havens was felt, we have gone all out to destroy terrorism in our national interest, says National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the threats posed by the convergence of technology and terrorism and steps that should be taken to prevent it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning that terrorist organizations have co-opted technology as a force multiplier in achieving their objectives.

Body:

First, mention about the features of the internet, like end-to-end encryption and virtual private network (VPN), provision of digital currency etc have made it easier than ever for terrorist organizations to find recruits and manage outreach and organization and also launder money for terror financing. Give few instances of terrorist groups using technology to advance their terror activities.

Next, suggest that states to opt for more technology, better technology and skilful deployment of technology against malign actors, need for international co operation and new forums to address the threat of terrorism without borders, need for investments in capacity building, tech firms vigilantism etc all this while maintaining freedom in cyberspace.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Morality is not just a set of rules; it is a quality of character.” – Unknown

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about difference between preaching morality and practising it. Write about the impact of the same. Write ways how one can practice what is preached. Write about how morality determines the quality of the character. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“The true test of a person’s character is how they behave in difficult times.” – John C. Maxwell

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how it is easy to be display good character in easy time and in the times adversity, the real character of the person is shown. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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