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2,200 earthquakes in Iceland in 24 hours

 

Source: Hindustan Times

 Context: Nearly 2,200 earthquakes have been recorded in the vicinity of Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland in the past 24 hours.

  • The country’s meteorological office has warned that this seismic activity could be a signal of an impending volcanic eruption.

Iceland experiences frequent volcanic activity, due to its location both on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a divergent tectonic plate boundary, and over a hot spot. Nearly thirty volcanoes are known to have erupted in the Holocene epoch; these include Eldgjá, the source of the largest lava eruption in human history.

 

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is a mid-ocean ridge (a divergent or constructive plate boundary) located along the floor of the Atlantic Ocean and part of the longest mountain range in the world. In the North Atlantic, the ridge separates the North American from the Eurasian Plate and the African Plate, north and south of the Azores Triple Junction.