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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 5 July 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. What are the distinguishing features of Carnatic Music and how do they contribute to its rich heritage and unique identity? (150 words)

Difficulty Level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies paper – 1 and is mentioned as part of the Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the distinguishing features of Carnatic Music.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduce Carnatic Music as a classical music tradition originating from South India.

Body:

First write about the features of Carnatic Music – Describe the melodic framework of Carnatic Music, emphasizing the use of raga (melodic scale) as a fundamental element. Discuss the intricate system of ragas and their importance in evoking different emotions and moods.

Next, explain the rhythmic aspect of Carnatic Music, focusing on the tala (rhythmic cycle) system. Discuss the intricate patterns of tala and the use of percussion instruments to create rhythmic variations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. How do the three categories of performance in the Natya Shastra, namely Nritta, Nritya, and Natya, contribute to the dynamic and expressive nature of all major classical Indian dance forms? Discuss with examples. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the classical Indian dance forms and the Natya, Nritya and Natya aspects of it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the classical dance forms and list of the dances.

Body:

In the first part, write about the Nritta aspects of classical dance – an abstract, fast and rhythmic aspect of the dance.

Next, write about Nritya – slower and expressive aspect of the dance that attempts to communicate feelings, storyline particularly with spiritual themes in Hindu dance traditions.

Next, write about Natyam – a play, typically a team performance but can be acted out by a solo performer where the dancer uses certain standardized body movements. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

3. Analyse the significance of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) for India and analyse the challenges and opportunities in the bilateral ties with respect to China. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

In the New Delhi declaration issued at the end of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) leaders’ summit, India refused to sign on the paragraph supporting the Belt and Roads Initiative (BRI), which is China’s President Xi Jinping’s pet project.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the comprehensive analysis of India’s engagement with the SCO and highlight the major issues in its relationship with China.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about aims and objectives of SCO.

Body:

In the first part, Highlight the importance of SCO for India – focus on the advantages that India can gain in bilateral relations and in the larger Eurasian region.

Next, write about the various disagreements withing the SCO – India-China, Russia-China, Impact of Ukraine war, lack of consensus etc.

Next, write the measures India must take in engagement with the SCO and the issues with China, weighing the challenges against the opportunities. Discuss the significance of a constructive and balanced approach in maintaining stability and promoting cooperation within the SCO.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Examine the Goods and Services Tax (GST) reform in India and its progress over the past six years. Throw light on the challenges faced, the impact on the economy, and the potential for further improvements. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The question explores the implementation and impact of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about various successes and limitations of GST and reforms that are needed in it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by aims and objectives behind the launch of GST.

Body:

First, write about the achievements of GST – simplified tax structure, an increase in the tax base, and a reduction in tax evasion. Substantiate with examples, facts or statistics.

Next, write about the shortcomings of GST – high tax rates, compliance burden, and complexities in the filing process have been faced. Substantiate with examples, facts or statistics.

Next, suggest reforms in GST.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. Evaluate India’s progress and challenges in transitioning towards electric vehicles (EVs). What are the key factors influencing EV adoption? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The question explores India’s efforts in promoting electric vehicles (EVs).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the evaluation of India’s move towards electric vehicles (EVs), focusing on progress, challenges, government initiatives, and the future of the EV ecosystem.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing the electric vehicles (EV) technology vis-à-vis fossil fuel based vehicles.

Body:

First, write about India’s progress in transitioning towards electric vehicles (EVs). Highlight the increase in the number of EV sales, the growth of EV charging infrastructure, and the initiatives taken by automakers to introduce EV models in the market.

Next, write about the key challenges hindering widespread EV adoption in India. Discuss issues such as high upfront costs, limited charging infrastructure, range anxiety, and consumer perceptions. Address the need for addressing these challenges through policy interventions and public awareness campaigns.

Next, write about the key factors influencing EV adoption.

Conclusion:

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Change begins within the individual. Only then can it spread to others.”  – Dalai Lama

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how everyone desires change in politics, society and economy but nobody wants to change their own ways or their life. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about how change must begin from an individual.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“True individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. People who are hungry and out of a job are the stuff of which dictatorships are made.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about importance of economic security and independence as essential components of true individual freedom. Write about when people lack basic necessities like food and employment, it creates conditions that can lead to the rise of dictatorial regimes.

Conclusion:

Summarise by giving an opinion on balancing social justice and freedom.

Conclude the answer by giving a balanced opinion.


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