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Rani Durgavati

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: IE

 Context: Home Minister Amit Shah and PM Narendra Modi will attend the six-day “Veerangana Rani Durgavati Gaurav Yatra” (to honour 16th-century Gondwana kingdom queen Rani Durgavati) in Madhya Pradesh


About Rani Durgavati:

Aspect Details
Rani Durgavati (1524 – 1564) was the ruling Queen of Gondwana from 1550 until 1564. She is chiefly remembered for defending her kingdom against the Mughal Empire.


Heritage Belonged to the Chandel dynasty known for its brave king Vidyadhar and architectural marvels like Khajuraho
Marriage and Alliance Married Dalpatshah, the Gond dynasty’s eldest son and son of King Sangramshah. She strengthened the alliance between the Chandel and Gond dynasties
Leadership Assumed leadership of the Gond kingdom around 1550 after her husband’s passing
Defeating Bajbahadur Defeated Bajbahadur, who took control of the Malwa province in 1556
Interactions with the Mughals Direct interaction between Rani Durgavati’s realm and the Mughal Empire. Abdul Majid Khan, a Mughal subedar, invaded Rani Durgavati’s realm with Akbar’s approval
Battle She defended her realm from the Mughal army, and set up camp in Narrai valley. She refused to leave the battlefield and killed herself with a dagger
Legacy and Honours Renamed the University of Jabalpur as Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya; Commemorated with a postal stamp by the Indian government; Durgavati Express, a train, and ICGS Rani Durgavati, an Inshore Patrol Vessel, named after her; She is hailed as a patriotic ruler and defender of culture, becoming a symbol of pride and honour.