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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 June 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: static syllabus

1. Examine the short-term and long-term outcomes of the tri-partite struggle. Do you think tri-partite struggle paved way for invasions in the early medieval India? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the short-term and long-term outcomes of the tri-partite struggle and its role in facilitating invasions in early medieval India.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context and mentioning the participants in the tri-partite struggle.

Body:

First, write about the short-term impact of the tri-partite struggle – long drawn out, war of attrition, indecisive for long etc.

Next, write about the long-term impact of the tri-partite struggle – lack of central authority, pan India empire, mutual animosity.

Next, write to what extent did tri-partite struggle play a part in invasions of India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced judgement forward.

 

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2. Effective governance and urban planning strategies that prioritize inclusivity, environmental sustainability, and social well-being are key in order to ensure cities become agents of positive change. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

The article emphasizes the critical role of cities in shaping the future and the potential they possess to either contribute to or hinder societal progress.

Key Demand of the question: 

To understand the main issues in the urban areas as well as mention the necessary steps through planning and administration to boost the quality of life in urban areas.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Introduction: 

Begin by giving an account on how rapidly Indian Urban spaces are growing both in terms of population density as well as growing urban spills.

Body:

First, mention the various issues plaguing urban areas such as a need for affordable housing, issues of urban slums, waste management, poor drainage etc.

Next, mention about the important factors on which policy deliberation needs to take place such as balance of urban population density with economies of scale and infrastructural facilities among others.

Next discuss the importance of mobilising funds other than public funds and also some of the essential components of urban planning to include sustainability, improved mobility etc for a well functioning urban space.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the key components for a functional and effective urban city.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. Analyse the strategic partnership pact between India and Egypt and its implications for bilateral relations. Discuss the key areas of cooperation, challenges, and prospects for future collaboration. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article highlights the signing of a strategic partnership pact between India and Egypt, signed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the implications of strategic partnership between India and Egypt.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly explain the strategic partnership pact between India and Egypt.

 Body:

First, write about the Key areas of cooperation – Trade and economic collaboration, Cultural and people-to-people exchanges etc.

Next, write about the Challenges and hurdles in the above geopolitical dynamics, Economic constraints, Cultural differences and communication gaps etc.

Next, write about the prospects for future collaboration.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward in regards to this strategic partnership.

 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

4. Examine the key challenges faced by startups in establishing effective governance frameworks and suggest measures to overcome them. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article discusses the importance of addressing governance issues in startups for their long-term sustainability and growth.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the challenges faced by the startup in their governance structure and measures needed to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining governance in context with start ups.

Body:

First, write about the key challenges in establishing governance frameworks – Founders’ dominance and decision-making, Lack of regulatory clarity and guidance, Limited resources and expertise etc.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to overcome the same – Establishing independent boards and committees, Strengthening disclosure and reporting mechanisms, Collaboration between regulators, investors, and startups etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. Analyse India’s participation in the Artemis Accords and its implications for space exploration and utilization. Discuss the benefits, and concerns associated with this international agreement. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses India’s participation in the Artemis Accords, an international agreement led by NASA that aims to establish a framework for cooperation among nations in exploring and utilizing resources on the Moon.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about Artemis Accords, benefits and concerns associated with it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly explain the Artemis Accords and their significance in the context of space exploration.

Body:

First, write about the Benefits of India’s participation – Scientific advancements, Technological collaborations, Economic opportunities.

Next, write about the Challenges and concerns associated with the above – Sovereignty and national interests, Equity and inclusivity and Environmental sustainability etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world to the concepts of morality;

6. For Immanuel Kant, the moral law that guides human actions is derived from reason and is characterized by its universality. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty Level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about Kant’s Universal moral law.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Write a writing about deontology of Kant.

Body:

In detail, explain the moral absolutism and use examples to substantiate you points.

Next, write a critique of moral absolutism.

Conclusion:

Conclude the answer by summarising.

 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

7. In the context of civil service, there are several cardinal ethical attributes that are highly valued and desirable. These attributes contribute to the effective functioning of civil servants and the promotion of public trust in government institutions. Elaborate. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Key Demand of the question: To write about most important ethical attributes of civil servants and ways to inculcate them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by mentioning the role of cardinal ethical values of civil servants as per you.

Body:

First, list down the ethical values of civil servants and justification behind their need.

Next, write about how these ethical values be inculcate among the civil servants so that they remain ethical and efficient.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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