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Importance of plant literacy in understanding climate change

 

Source: TOI 

Context: Craig Brodersen, a professor of plant physiological ecology at Yale University, has highlighted how human-induced conditions like drought impact plant species and emphasizes the need for ‘Plant Literacy’ to understand plants’ physiological responses for resilience in farming.

 

What is plant literacy?

Plant literacy refers to the understanding and knowledge about plants, including their structure, functions, adaptations, and ecological importance. It involves being aware of the role plants play in various ecosystems, their interactions with the environment, and their significance for human survival.

 

How Plants Help Humans:

Benefits of Plants Description
Oxygen Production Plants are the primary producers of oxygen through photosynthesis, providing the oxygen necessary for humans and other organisms to breathe.
Food Source Plants serve as a vital source of food, including fruits, vegetables, grains, and herbs, providing essential nutrients and sustenance for human consumption and survival.
Water Management Plants play a crucial role in managing Earth’s water cycle, controlling 60% of the flow of water between land and the atmosphere. They help regulate precipitation patterns and prevent soil erosion.
Climate Regulation Through photosynthesis, plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen, mitigating the greenhouse effect and stabilizing global climate patterns.
Biodiversity Support Plants provide habitats and food sources for a diverse range of organisms, supporting biodiversity and contributing to the overall health and balance of ecosystems.