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Heliopolis Memorial in Egypt

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: IE

 Conext: The Heliopolis Memorial in Egypt commemorates the memory of 3,727 Indian soldiers who fought in various campaigns in Egypt and Palestine during World War 1. PM Modi paid a visit to it recently.


About the Memorial:

  • The original Port Tewfik memorial, which was situated at the entrance to the Suez Canal, was destroyed in 1967.
  • In 1980, a new memorial was erected in Heliopolis Commonwealth War Grave Cemetery, bearing the names of the Indian soldiers who died in the First World War campaigns.
  • The memorial includes the names of soldiers from various Indian regiments and also commemorates Risaldar Badlu Singh, who was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his bravery (the highest British wartime gallantry award).


Contributions of India in World War 1:

Contribution Details
Troop Deployment Indian troops were sent as part of the British Indian Army to various theatres of war, including the Western Front, Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq), East Africa, Egypt, and Palestine.
Combat Operations Indian soldiers participated in major battles and campaigns, such as the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, Battle of Gallipoli, Siege of Kut, Battle of Gaza, and Battle of Haifa.
Medical Assistance Indian medical personnel provided critical support in field hospitals and medical units
Logistics and Supply Indian soldiers and labourers were involved in building roads, railways, bridges, and other infrastructure in war-affected regions.
Financial Support Loans and contributions to the British war fund.
War Production Indian industries were mobilized for war production, manufacturing ammunition, arms, equipment, and supplies needed for the war effort.
Sacrifices and Casualties Over 1.3 million Indian soldiers served during the war, and approximately 74,000 Indian soldiers lost their lives, while many others were wounded or went missing in action.