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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 June 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. The transformation of Magadha from a kingdom to an empire in ancient India was influenced by several significant factors. Analyse.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about factors that resulted in transformation of Magadha from a kingdom to an Empire.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context of emergence of Magadha as first empire in ancient India.

Body:

Write about the political factors, economic factors, geographic factors, strategic factors and social factors that resulted in transformation of Magadha from a kingdom to a pan Indian empire. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. The concept of Dhamma, as propounded by Emperor Ashoka, played a crucial role in shaping his reign and had a significant impact on ancient India. Explain. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: TN History – Class 11th Textbook (New Edition)

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about Dhamma, its features and measures taken to spread.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining Dhamma.

Body:

First, mention about the various components of Dhamma as propounded by Ashoka. The set of do’s and don’t that were part of the Dhamma.

Next, write about the measures taken by Ashoka to spread Dhamma across the subcontinent and the world.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing the legacy of dhamma.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. Discuss the significance of reimagining public libraries as inclusive spaces. What are the challenges in achieving inclusivity in library services, and what strategies can be adopted to overcome them? 250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article emphasizes the importance of transforming public libraries into inclusive spaces. It highlights the significance of public libraries in providing access to information and the need to cater to diverse communities.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the significance of public libraries and steps needed to make them inclusive.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the importance of Inclusive Public Libraries – public libraries play a crucial role in providing access to information and fostering a culture of reading, promote equal access to knowledge and information, serve as community hubs, fostering social interaction and engagement etc,

Next, in detail, write about the challenges in Creating Inclusive Libraries -Financial constraints and limited resources, Lack of awareness about the importance of inclusivity in library services, Accessibility issues for individuals with disabilities and Language barriers and the need for multilingual resources etc.

Next, write about the strategies needed to overcome the above challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. The Production-linked Incentive (PLI) scheme has succeeded in attracting investments and incentivizing domestic and foreign companies to set up or expand their manufacturing units in India. However, continuous refinement, monitoring, and addressing the associated challenges will be crucial in realizing the desired outcomes of the scheme. Analyse. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article highlights the ongoing debate between the PLI scheme and trade policy and tariffs as strategies to boost India’s manufacturing sector. It emphasizes the need for a nuanced approach that combines targeted incentives with a conducive trade policy to effectively promote manufacturing growth and competitiveness.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the performance of Production-linked Incentive (PLI) scheme, its successes and limitations.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of Production-linked Incentive (PLI) scheme.

Body:

First, write about the various sectors for which PLI scheme was launched and its major features – electronics, pharmaceuticals, automobiles, and textiles. Eligible companies are provided with financial incentives based on incremental sales of goods produced in India, for a period of five years. The scheme aims to make India a global manufacturing hub, increase production of quality goods, create employment opportunities, and reduce dependence on imports.

Next, write about the successes and limitations of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to overcome the limitations.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Despite economic growth, job opportunities have not expanded at a satisfactory rate, resulting in a high unemployment rate and a lack of adequate livelihood options for the population. What strategies are needed to address the above-mentioned issue? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article emphasizes that job creation is a significant challenge for the government. It underscores the importance of adopting effective policies, promoting skill development, and fostering entrepreneurship to address the issue and stimulate sustainable employment growth.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes behind unemployment and measures need to create jobs.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing statistic to give a current scenario of unemployment in the country.

Body:

First, write about the causes behind unemployment in India – historical, unequal growth, lack of job specialisation, automation related losses etc.

Next, suggest measures that are needed in order to ensure job creation and to reduce unemployment in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6. Current strategies to address human-wildlife conflict often fall short due to various reasons. Through innovative measures, concerted efforts and collaboration can we create a future where humans and wildlife coexist harmoniously. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article highlights that addressing human-elephant conflict requires innovative approaches and the involvement of local communities

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the major causes for rising cases of man-animal conflict, limitations of present strategies and possible solutions for it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with what you understand by Man-Animal conflicts.

Body:

First, write about the main causes of man wildlife conflict – habitat loss and fragmentation, competition for resources, crop damage and livestock predation, human infrastructure and development, conservation successes, lack of awareness and education, and inadequate policy and mitigation measures.

Next, Write about the various government policies and programmes in this direction and their limitations. Write about innovative steps and concerted efforts required in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the issue.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case study

7. Once upon a time in a small, close-knit community nestled in the heart of a bustling city, there lived a visionary named Mr. A. Born into a minority community, Mr. A had always been a passionate advocate for change and progress. He firmly believed that his community had the potential to overcome the challenges they faced and create a brighter future for themselves. However, little did he know that his ideas would be met with resistance from an unexpected source – his own community.

Mr. A was a reformer who challenged the age-old superstitions and conservative beliefs that held his community back. He firmly believed in the power of education, gender equality, and embracing modern technologies. With unwavering determination, he set out on a mission to transform the mindset of his community and uplift them from the clutches of stagnation.

However, as Mr. A began to voice his progressive ideas, he faced a strong backlash from within his community. Many people were deeply entrenched in their traditional beliefs and were resistant to change. They feared that by embracing new ideas, their community would lose its identity and traditions. Superstitions, deeply ingrained over generations, clouded their judgment and prevented them from recognizing the potential benefits of progress.

Mr. A’s pleas for education, especially for girls, were met with skepticism. The community elders believed that education for girls would lead to immodesty and the erosion of their cultural values. They clung tightly to their narrow-minded views, refusing to acknowledge the immense potential that lay dormant within their own daughters.

Undeterred by the resistance, Mr. A embarked on a journey to educate the youth about the importance of modern education. He organized workshops, community meetings, and tirelessly advocated for change. His efforts began to bear fruit as a few open-minded individuals started to question their own beliefs and join Mr. A’s cause.

Yet, the road to change was filled with obstacles. Traditionalists spread rumors, portraying Mr. A as a threat to their way of life. They stoked fears of cultural erosion, convincing the community that embracing progress would sever their ties to their roots. The seeds of doubt were sown, and the community remained deeply divided.

      1. What are the ethical issues involved the above case?
      2. What steps can Mr A take in the above regard?
      3. Why are masses resistant to social change?
      4. Can the local administration and administrators play a part in helping Mr A achieve his reformist goals?

(250 words)


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