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Draft livestock and livestock products Bill

GS Paper 2

 Syllabus: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation


Source: IE

 Context: The Centre has withdrawn the proposed draft of the Live-stock and Live-stock Product (Importation and Exportation) Bill, 2023.


About the new Bill:

  • The Bill is meant to replace the Live-stock Importation Act 1898 and the Live-stock (Amendment) Act 2001.
  • It was prepared by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (DAHD), Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
Salient provisions
The Live-stock Importation Act 1898 The Live-Stock Importation (Amendment) Act 2001 The new Bill
It regulates only the importation of livestock. It led to the inclusion of the import of livestock products (meat and meat products). It allows the export of live animals.
It also empowered the Centre to regulate, restrict or prohibit the trade of any live-stock product that may be liable to affect human or animal health. It widens the scope of animal import-export (including cats and dogs among ‘live-stock’).
It has expanded the definition of livestock to include felines and canines also.
It takes away some powers of state governments to regulate this area.

Need for a new law:

  • The present law is 125 years old.
  • Hence, a need has been felt to align it with the contemporary requirements and prevailing circumstances related to –
    • Sanitary and phytosanitary measures, and
    • Its extant Allocation of Business Rules 1961


Criticism of the draft Bill:

  • Animal rights organisations have said that the draft Bill will open a “Pandora’s Box” of cruelties on animals.
  • Allowing the live export of animals from India is a free pass for the abuse of millions of animals farmed for food and other uses.


Govt’s response: Facing criticism, the Centre has withdrawn the draft Bill.


Conclusion: The issue involves sensitivity and emotions with animal welfare and related aspects, and, hence, would need wider consultation.


Insta Links:

Economics of Animal-Rearing


Mains Links:

Livestock rearing has a big potential for providing non-farm employment and income in rural areas. Discuss suggesting suitable examples. (UPSC 2015)