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What is semiconductor fabrication? With a well-planned strategy, India can make significant strides toward achieving self-reliance in semiconductor manufacturing, bolstering its scientific capabilities, and enhancing its strategic position in the global technology landscape. Analyse.

Topic: indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. What is semiconductor fabrication? With a well-planned strategy, India can make significant strides toward achieving self-reliance in semiconductor manufacturing, bolstering its scientific capabilities, and enhancing its strategic position in the global technology landscape. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the importance of India developing its own semiconductor fabrication (fab) industry.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about applications of semi-conductors and how the government can create a thriving domestic semiconductor industry.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic highlighting strategic significance of semiconductors in India.

Body:

In the first part, discuss the various applications of semiconductors – computers, phones, server farms, missiles and in their guidance systems, warplanes, submarines, aircraft carriers, satellites etc.

Next, write about the steps need to create a robust domestic industry for semiconductors – tackling R&D problems, funding, solving intellectual property issues. Mention various measures already initiated by the government in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.