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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 June 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1. Water stress is a significant challenge faced by many countries including India, and addressing it requires a comprehensive approach. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the measures needed to overcome water stress in the country.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining and giving the status of water stress in India. Cite a statistic of show the level of water stress in the country,

Body:

First, write about the impact of water stress on the quantitative as well as qualitative aspect of fresh water and how it will impact us.

Next, write about the urgent steps that are needed to make sustainable water practises – planning regulation of groundwater usage, rejuvenation of catchment areas, sustainable agriculture, aquifer recharge, rainwater harvesting and technology to monitor progress, community participation and rejuvenating existing water bodies etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes;

2. The elderly population faces a range of challenges that can affect their well-being and quality of life. It is important for governments, communities, and families to collaborate in implementing measures for the welfare of the elderly and adapting them to the specific needs and cultural contexts of the elderly population. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues of elderly population, welfare measures available and the need to regulate elderly homes.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving the statistic related to elderly population in India currently and the projected growth over next 3 decades.

Body:

Frist, write about the problems faced by the elderly population – Isolation and loneliness, age-related chronic illness, Rise in the Health care costs and Elderly women issues etc.

Next, write about the various measures available for the welfare of elderly and examine their pros and cons.

Next, write need to regulate old age homes for the elderly to make them more streamlined and protect the interests of the elderly.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

3. Civil society acts as a critical check on governmental power, promotes transparency and accountability, and strengthens the rule of law. It fosters a more inclusive, participatory, and responsive governance system that benefits society as a whole. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article discusses the crucial role of civil society in fostering peace and stability.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of civil society in holding the government accountable and upholding rule of law.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning how civil society is considered as the 5ht Pillar of democracy.

Body:

First, write about how NGOs and humanitarian aid organizations make it their business to demand accountability from governments, employers, and community members.

Next, mention few successful incidents of civil society participation in bringing about accountability and uphold rule of law.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that good governance can be achieved through the active participation of all the stakeholders and the civil society being the lynchpin in this.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. The issues in the informal sector could have various implications, including potential challenges for employment, livelihoods, and economic inclusivity. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article explores the factors contributing to the stunted growth of the middle class in India, focusing on the role of the manufacturing and informal sectors.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse the impact of shrinking of informal sector in India and the necessary precautions to protects the employees in the unorganised sector.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the various issues in the informal sector.

Next, write about the impact of the above issues. Cite statistics and examples to substantiate.

Next, mention the need for a robust policy to ensure there is smooth transition of businesses and employees from the informal to formal sector through upskilling, financing initiatives etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5. The emergence and spread of Anti-microbial resistance (AMR) have serious implications for healthcare systems. Addressing AMR requires a multi-sectoral approach involving healthcare, agriculture, environment, and regulatory agencies. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: downtoearth.org.in

Why the question:

Antibiotics in food animals play a significant role in human health, making antimicrobial resistance (AMR) an essential environmental and public health issue.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about concerns surrounding AMR, its causes, measures to deal with it and role of one health approach in this regard.

Directive word: 

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define AMR and its causes.

Body:

First, write about the why there is global cause of concern – Superbug, Multi drug resistance to bacterium and viruses, Increased cost of treatment, prolonged hospitalisation, increased mortality and less effective inoculation.

Next, write about the various initiatives to tackle AMR – Global Action Plan on AMR, World Anti-microbial awareness week, Delhi Declaration on AMR, National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance etc. Evaluate its efficacy.

Next, write about the one health approach and the initiatives it offers in dealing with AMR.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“The path of progress is seldom smooth. Social reform faces countless obstacles and encounters fierce opposition.” – Mahatma Gandhi

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by explaining the quote in your own words.

Body:

Explain the context of social reforms and the difficulties one faces to ensure social reforms. Cite attitudinal reasons for the same. Substantiate with examples from the past and present.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning ways to overcome resistance to for social reform.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“The power of laws is limited, for they can only guide the actions of those who possess a moral compass.” – Nelson Mandela

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by explaining the quote in your own words.

Body:

Explain the role of integrity in good people which makes them act responsibly in presence or absence of laws. Similarly, bad people will always try to find loopholes around laws. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about need of improving accountability to those who violate the law.


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