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Climate engineering remains a topic of debate and ongoing research. While it offers potential as a tool to address global warming, its risks and uncertainties should be carefully assessed, and it should not be considered a substitute for comprehensive emissions reduction and sustainable practices. Critically examine.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. Climate engineering remains a topic of debate and ongoing research. While it offers potential as a tool to address global warming, its risks and uncertainties should be carefully assessed, and it should not be considered a substitute for comprehensive emissions reduction and sustainable practices. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: wikipedia.org

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse if climate engineering could be a viable option to overcome the climate crisis.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by defining climate engineering.

Body:

You can use a bubble diagram to show the various modes of geo-engineering such as Shoot Mirrors into Space (Solar Sunscreen), Copy a Volcano, Build Fake Trees etc.

In the first part of the body, write about how the above strategies work and will be beneficial for the planet above and over existing mitigation strategies to tide over the climate crisis. Clearly outline as to why it may be needed.

In the next part, mention about the major drawbacks, impediments and concerns regarding the implementation of the above strategies

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion.