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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 9 June 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. The volatile political situation and rivalry among local powers in a region can create favourable conditions for political intervention by external actors, including the British. Explain the reasons for British conquest of India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Chapter 5 – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers) , Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the causes of British Success in India.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the various regional powers during the advent of the British in India.

Body:

First, write about the various rivalries among major India powers to establish political supremacy in India.

Mention the reasons for success of the British in India such as their divide and rule policy, strong organisation of the military, modern strategies, many social divisive factors in regional states etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that the British use all the political, economic and strategic means to dethrone the local powers one by one to build a pan-Indian empire

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

2. By actively engaging in SAARC, India can promote economic opportunities, stability, connectivity, and regional cooperation, ultimately benefiting not only India but the entire South Asian region. Critically Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the future of SAARC amidst current uncertainties and to argue for its revival.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of SAARC and its present-day scenario.

Body:

In the first part, bring out the current uncertainties which forebode a bleak future for SAARC – Crisis in Afghanistan, Myanmar, Indo-Pak equation, Covid crisis etc.

Next, mention as to why India should take the lead in reviving SAARC. It will ensure integrated, connected, secure and prosperous South Asia, and lead economic, technological, cultural, and social development’ of the region.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward and diplomatic steps needed to re-engage and revive SAARC.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;

3. Do you think urea should be brought under the Nutrient-Based Subsidy (NBS) regime? Examine its potential impact on the Indian agricultural sector. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

The Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) has recommended that the Indian government bring urea under the Nutrient-Based Subsidy (NBS) regime to address the issue of overuse.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the rationale behind to bring urea under the Nutrient-Based Subsidy (NBS), the benefits and challenges of including urea in the NBS regime,

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly explain the concept of the Nutrient-Based Subsidy (NBS) regime.

Body:

In the first part, provide an overview of the CACP’s recommendation to bring urea under the NBS regime

Next, write about Current Scenario of Urea Usage – Highlight the prevalent use of urea in Indian agriculture, Discuss the drawbacks and consequences of excessive urea application and the need for regulating urea use to ensure sustainable agriculture

Next, write about Implications of the above for the Indian Agricultural Sector – Discuss the potential impact of urea regulation on crop productivity and soil health, Highlight the economic implications for farmers, fertilizer industry, and government subsidies, Assess the overall effect on food security and sustainability in India

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

4. Discuss the objectives of the Chandrayaan-3 mission and its potential contributions to India’s space exploration endeavours. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hinduen.wikipedia.org

Why the question:

The Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that Chandrayaan-3, India’s third lunar mission, is scheduled to be launched in mid-July.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the objectives of Chandrayaan-3 and its potential contributions

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the major objectives of Chandrayaan-3 – conduct scientific studies of the Moon’s surface and sub-surface using a lander and rover. The mission will also aim to study the lunar atmosphere and determine the presence of water and other minerals on the Moon etc.

Next, write about its contributions to India’s Space Exploration

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the importance of space missions to moon.

 

Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

5. What are the causes of separatism in the north-eastern India? Examine the implications of this development on regional stability, political dynamics, and national unity in India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Ten Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) from Manipur have been issued notices for their alleged involvement in activities promoting separatism.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes for separatism in N.E India and its impact.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context.

Body:

Draw a small map of the north-east showing major insurgent conflicts in the region.

First, Mention the causes of the separatism under various heads such as economic, political, social, cultural/ethnic reasons.  Write briefly about its impact highlighting the issues associated with AFSPA, Naxalism and International borders.

Next, write about its impact – peace and stability , implications for national unity and integrity, impact on India’s federal structure etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Fortitude is the guard and support of the other virtues” – John Locke

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is Fortitude.

Body:

Explain the quote in your own words.

Mention what are the associated features of showing immense courage in times of adversity through suitable illustrations and mention what factors would drive one to show fortitude. Link fortitude to other virtues such as integrity, honesty, fairness etc

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning how crucial the value of fortitude is in public as well as private life.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Self-control is the chief element in self-respect, and self-respect is the chief element in courage.” ― Thucydides

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the role of self-control in self-respect. Mention as to how have self-control over desires and vices can lead to self-respect and its relationship with development of courage. A man who has nothing to fear because of his self-respect. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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